Politics of Catalonia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The politics of Catalonia takes place within the framework of its Statute of Autonomy and 1978 Constitution, which grants a degree of self-government to Catalonia and establish it as an autonomous community of Spain with the statuts of a nationality, operating as a parliamentary democracy. The Generalitat de Catalunya is the Catalan institution of self-government, which includes the Parliament of Catalonia, the President and the Executive Council. The Parliament of Catalonia is one of the oldest in the world.[1]

Catalan politics also influences in some aspects of the Spanish politics due to the presence of Catalan nationalist parties in the Spanish Parliament, whose political support is often required by any given winner of the Spanish general elections to form majorities. The currently extinct Convergence and Union had been described as being "long the region's dominant political party".[2] Catalan politics is also noted, to a lesser extent, for the influence exerted by the Socialists' Party of Catalonia on its sister major party, the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE).[citation needed] Recently, the constitutional status of Catalonia was subject to a dispute between the Government of Spain, which view it as an autonomous community within the Kingdom of Spain and the unilaterally declared Catalan Republic, which saw itself as an independent sovereign state.[3]