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Port-au-Prince

Capital of Haiti / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Port-au-Prince (/ˌpɔːrt ˈprɪns/ PORT oh PRINSS; French: Port-au-Prince, French: [pɔʁ o pʁɛ̃s] ; Haitian Creole: Pòtoprens, [pɔtopɣɛ̃s]) is the capital and most populous city of Haiti. The city's population was estimated at 1,200,000 in 2022 with the metropolitan area estimated at a population of 2,618,894.[2] The metropolitan area is defined by the IHSI as including the communes of Port-au-Prince, Delmas, Cite Soleil, Tabarre, Carrefour and Pétion-Ville.

Quick facts: Port-au-Prince Pòtoprens, Country, Depart...
Port-au-Prince
Pòtoprens
Aerial view of Port-au-Prince
Aerial view of Port-au-Prince
Coat of arms of Port-au-Prince
Motto(s): 
Je luis pour tous[1]
"I shine for all"
Port-au-Prince is located in Haiti
Port-au-Prince
Port-au-Prince
Port-au-Prince is located in North America
Port-au-Prince
Port-au-Prince
Coordinates: 18°32′N 72°20′W
CountryHaiti
DepartmentOuest
RégionGonave-Azuei
ArrondissementCapitale-National
Founded1749
Colonial seat1770
Government
  MayorLucsonne Janvier
Area
  Capital city and commune36.04 km2 (13.92 sq mi)
  Metro
158.50 km2 (61.20 sq mi)
Population
 (2022 est.[2])
  Capital city and commune1,200,000
  Density27,395/km2 (70,950/sq mi)
  Metro
2,618,894[2]
  Metro density16,523/km2 (42,790/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Port-au-Princien(s) (masc.), Port-au-Princienne(s) (fem.) (en) and (fr)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Websitehttp://www.portauprince.ht
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Port-au-Prince-TF.jpg
3D computer-generated view, 2010
Hispaniola_Vinckeboons4.jpg
Map of Hispaniola and Puerto Rico, c.1639.

The city of Port-au-Prince is on the Gulf of Gonâve: the bay on which the city lies, which acts as a natural harbor, has sustained economic activity since the civilizations of the Taíno. It was first incorporated under French colonial rule in 1749. The city's layout is similar to that of an amphitheater; commercial districts are near the water, while residential neighborhoods are located on the hills above. Its population is difficult to ascertain due to the rapid growth of slums in the hillsides above the city; however, recent estimates place the metropolitan area's population at around 3.7 million, nearly a third of the country's national population.[7] The city was catastrophically affected by a massive earthquake in 2010,[8] with large numbers of structures damaged or destroyed. Haiti's government estimated the death toll to be 230,000.[9] Gang violence is extensive, and kidnappings, massacres and gang-rapes are common occurrences, often with the complicity of police officers and politicians.[10]

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