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Prefrontal cortex

Part of the brain responsible for personality, decision-making, and social behavior / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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In mammalian brain anatomy, the prefrontal cortex (PFC) covers the front part of the frontal lobe of the cerebral cortex. The PFC contains the Brodmann areas BA8, BA9, BA10, BA11, BA12, BA13, BA14, BA24, BA25, BA32, BA44, BA45, BA46, and BA47.[1]

Quick facts: Prefrontal cortex, Details, Part of, Parts, A...
Prefrontal cortex
Brodmann areas, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 24, 25, 32, 44, 45, 46, and 47 are all in the prefrontal cortex[1]
Part ofFrontal lobe
PartsSuperior frontal gyrus
Middle frontal gyrus
Inferior frontal gyrus
ArteryAnterior cerebral
Middle cerebral
VeinSuperior sagittal sinus
LatinCortex praefrontalis
NeuroLex IDnlx_anat_090801
Anatomical terms of neuroanatomy

The basic activity of this brain region is considered to be orchestration of thoughts and actions in accordance with internal goals.[2] Many authors have indicated an integral link between a person's will to live, personality, and the functions of the prefrontal cortex.[3]

This brain region has been implicated in executive functions, such as planning, decision making, working memory, personality expression, moderating social behavior and controlling certain aspects of speech and language.[4][5][6][7] Executive function relates to abilities to differentiate among conflicting thoughts, determine good and bad, better and best, same and different, future consequences of current activities, working toward a defined goal, prediction of outcomes, expectation based on actions, and social "control" (the ability to suppress urges that, if not suppressed, could lead to socially unacceptable outcomes).

The frontal cortex supports concrete rule learning. More anterior regions along the rostro-caudal axis of frontal cortex support rule learning at higher levels of abstraction.[8]

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