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R (programming language)

Programming language for statistics / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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R is a programming language for statistical computing and graphics supported by the R Core Team and the R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Created by statisticians Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman, R is used among data miners, bioinformaticians and statisticians for data analysis and developing statistical software.[7] Users have created packages to augment the functions of the R language.

Quick facts: Paradigms, Designed by, Developer, First...
R terminal
ParadigmsMulti-paradigm: procedural, object-oriented, functional, reflective, imperative, array[1]
Designed byRoss Ihaka and Robert Gentleman
DeveloperR Core Team
First appearedAugust 1993; 29 years ago (1993-08)
Stable release
4.2.2[2] / 31 October 2022; 2 months ago (31 October 2022)
Typing disciplineDynamic
Platformarm64 and x86-64
LicenseGNU GPL v2
Filename extensions
Influenced by

According to user surveys and studies of scholarly literature databases, R is one of the most commonly used programming languages in data mining.[8] As of December 2022, R ranks 11th in the TIOBE index, a measure of programming language popularity, in which the language peaked in 8th place in August 2020.[9][10]

The official R software environment is an open-source free software environment within the GNU package, available under the GNU General Public License. It is written primarily in C, Fortran, and R itself (partially self-hosting). Precompiled executables are provided for various operating systems. R has a command line interface.[11] Multiple third-party graphical user interfaces are also available, such as RStudio, an integrated development environment, and Jupyter, a notebook interface.