Renaissance art

Visual arts produced during the European Renaissance / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Renaissance art (1350 – 1620 AD[1]) is the painting, sculpture, and decorative arts of the period of European history known as the Renaissance, which emerged as a distinct style in Italy in about AD 1400, in parallel with developments which occurred in philosophy, literature, music, science, and technology. Renaissance art took as its foundation the art of Classical antiquity, perceived as the noblest of ancient traditions, but transformed that tradition by absorbing recent developments in the art of Northern Europe and by applying contemporary scientific knowledge. Along with Renaissance humanist philosophy, it spread throughout Europe, affecting both artists and their patrons with the development of new techniques and new artistic sensibilities. For art historians, Renaissance art marks the transition of Europe from the medieval period to the Early Modern age.

Sandro Botticelli, The Birth of Venus, c. 1485, Uffizi, Florence
Albrecht Dürer, Adam and Eve in the Prado Museum, 1507
Jan van Eyck, The Ghent Altarpiece: The Adoration of the Mystic Lamb (interior view), 1432
Titian, Sacred and Profane Love, c. 1513 – 1514, Galleria Borghese, Rome
Piero della Francesca, The Baptism of Christ, c. 1450, National Gallery, London

The body of art, including painting, sculpture, architecture, music and literature identified as "Renaissance art" was primarily produced during the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries in Europe under the combined influences of an increased awareness of nature, a revival of classical learning, and a more individualistic view of man. Scholars no longer believe that the Renaissance marked an abrupt break with medieval values, as is suggested by the French word renaissance, literally meaning "rebirth". In many parts of Europe, Early Renaissance art was created in parallel with Late Medieval art.

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