Robert Altman

American filmmaker (1925–2006) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Robert Bernard Altman (/ˈɔːltmən/ AWLT-mən; February 20, 1925 – November 20, 2006) was an American film director, screenwriter, and producer. He was a five-time nominee of the Academy Award for Best Director and is considered an enduring figure from the New Hollywood era. His most famous directorial achievements include M*A*S*H (1970), McCabe & Mrs. Miller (1971), The Long Goodbye (1973), Nashville (1975), 3 Women (1977), The Player (1992), Short Cuts (1993), and Gosford Park (2001).

Quick facts: Robert Altman, Born, Died, Occupation, Years&...
Robert Altman
Altman in 1983
Robert Bernard Altman

(1925-02-20)February 20, 1925
DiedNovember 20, 2006(2006-11-20) (aged 81)
Years active1947–2006
Known forM*A*S*H (1970)
McCabe & Mrs. Miller (1971)
The Long Goodbye (1973)
Nashville (1975)
3 Women (1977)
The Player (1992)
Short Cuts (1993)
Gosford Park (2001)
LaVonne Elmer
(m. 19461951)
Lotus Corelli
(m. 19541957)
(m. 1959)
Children6, including Stephen Altman
Military career
AllegianceFlag_of_the_United_States.svg United States
Service/branchUS_Army_Air_Corps_Hap_Arnold_Wings.svg United States Army Air Forces
Years of service1943–1947
RankUS-O2_insignia.svg First lieutenant
UnitThirteenth Air Force
307th Bombardment Group
AwardsUSAAF_Wings.png Army Air Force Pilot Badge
AF_Presidential_Unit_Citation_Ribbon.png Air Force Presidential Unit Citation
American_Campaign_Medal_ribbon.svg American Campaign Medal
Asiatic-Pacific_Campaign_Medal_ribbon.svg Asiatic–Pacific Campaign Medal
World_War_II_Victory_Medal_ribbon.svg World War II Victory Medal
Presidential_Unit_Citation_%28Philippines%29.svg Philippine Presidential Unit Citation

Altman's style of filmmaking covered many genres, but usually with a "subversive" or "anti-Hollywood" twist which typically relied on satire and humor to express his personal views. Actors especially enjoyed working under his direction because he encouraged them to improvise. He preferred large ensemble casts for his films, and developed a multitrack recording technique which produced overlapping dialogue from multiple actors. This produced a more natural, more dynamic, and more complex experience for the viewer. He also used highly mobile camera work and zoom lenses to enhance the activity taking place on the screen. Critic Pauline Kael, writing about his directing style, said that Altman could "make film fireworks out of next to nothing."[1]

In 2006, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences recognized Altman's body of work with an Academy Honorary Award. He never won a competitive Oscar despite seven nominations. His films M*A*S*H, McCabe & Mrs. Miller, The Long Goodbye and Nashville have been selected for the United States National Film Registry. Altman is one of three filmmakers whose films have won the Golden Bear at Berlin, the Golden Lion at Venice, and the Palme d'Or at Cannes (the other two being Henri-Georges Clouzot and Michelangelo Antonioni).