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Rutgers University

Multi-campus public research university in New Jersey / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Rutgers University (/ˈrʌtɡərz/; RU), officially Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, is a public land-grant research university consisting of four campuses in New Jersey. Chartered in 1766, Rutgers was originally called Queen's College,[11] and was affiliated with the Dutch Reformed Church. It is the eighth-oldest college in the United States, the second-oldest in New Jersey after Princeton University, and one of nine U.S. colonial colleges that were chartered before the American Revolution.[12][13]

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Rutgers University
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Latin: Universitas Rutgersensis Civitatis Novae Caesareae[1]
Former names
Queen's College
Rutgers College
Rutgers University
MottoSol iustitiae et occidentem illustra (Latin)
Motto in English
"Sun of righteousness, shine also upon the West."[2]
TypePrivate (1766–1945)
Public land-grant research university
EstablishedNovember 10, 1766; 256 years ago (1766-11-10)
Religious affiliation
Nonsectarian - historically Dutch Reformed
Academic affiliation
Endowment$1.98 billion (2021)[3]
Budget$4.4 billion (2017–18)[4]
PresidentJonathan Holloway
Academic staff
Administrative staff
Location, ,
United States
CampusSmall city[7], 6,088 acres (2,464 ha)
Other campuses
Colors  Scarlet[8]
Sporting affiliations
MascotSir Henry[10]

In 1825, Queen's College was renamed Rutgers College[14] in honor of Colonel Henry Rutgers, whose substantial gift to the school had stabilized its finances during a period of uncertainty.[15] For most of its existence, Rutgers was a private liberal arts college but it has evolved into a coeducational public research university after being designated The State University of New Jersey by the New Jersey Legislature via laws enacted in 1945 and 1956.[16]

Rutgers has four distinct campuses: Rutgers University–New Brunswick, including grounds in adjacent Piscataway; Rutgers University–Newark; Rutgers University–Camden; and Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences. The university has additional facilities throughout the state, including oceanographic research facilities at the Jersey Shore.[17]

Rutgers is a land-grant, sea-grant, and space-grant university, as well as the largest university in the state.[18] Instruction is offered by 9,000 faculty members in 175 academic departments to over 45,000 undergraduate students and more than 20,000 graduate and professional students.[6] The university is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools[19] and is a member of the Big Ten Academic Alliance,[20] the Association of American Universities[21] and the Universities Research Association.[22]