Rzeszów (US: /ˈʒɛʃf, -ʃʊf/ ZHESH-oof, -uuf,[2][3] Polish: [ˈʐɛʂuf] (listen)[lower-alpha 1]) is the largest city in southeastern Poland. It is located on both sides of the Wisłok River in the heartland of the Sandomierz Basin. Rzeszów has been the capital of the Subcarpathian Voivodeship (province) since 1 January 1999, and is also the seat of Rzeszów County.

Quick facts: Rzeszów, Country, Voivodeship, County, Town r...
  • Left to right: Rzeszów City Hall
  • Regional Financial Center
  • Siemiaszkowa Theater
  • Rzeszów Castle
  • Night view of the Main Market Square
Coordinates: 50°2′N 22°0′E
Country Poland
Voivodeship Subcarpathian
Countycity county
Town rights1354
  MayorKonrad Fijołek
  Total129 km2 (50 sq mi)
 (31 December 2021)
  Total198,609 (15th)[1]
  Density1,550/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
35-001 to 35–959
Area code+48 17
Car platesRZ
Primary airportRzeszów–Jasionka Airport

The history of Rzeszów dates back to the Middle Ages. It received city rights and privileges from King Casimir III the Great in 1354. Local trade routes connecting Europe with the Middle East and the Ottoman Empire resulted in the city's early prosperity and development. In the 16th century, Rzeszów had a connection with Gdańsk and the Baltic Sea.[5] It also experienced growth in commerce and craftsmanship, especially under local rulers and noblemen. Following the Partitions of Poland, Rzeszów was annexed by the Austrian Empire and did not regain its position until it returned to Poland after World War I.

Rzeszów has found its place in the group of the most elite cities in Poland, with growing number of investments, rapid progress and a very high standard of living.[6][7] In 2011 Forbes awarded Rzeszów with the second place in the ranking of the most attractive semi-large cities for business.[6] Moreover, the city is home to a number of higher education schools and foreign consulates. Rzeszów is also developing as a regional tourist destination; its Old Town, Main Market Square, churches and synagogues are among the best preserved in the country.

In recent years, the population of Rzeszów has grown from 159,000 (2005) to over 196,000 (2019). Further plans for extending the city's borders include incorporating surrounding counties to strengthen its function as a metropolitan center in southeastern Poland.[6] Rzeszów is served by an international airport and is a member of Eurocities.

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