Santorini

Greek island in the Cyclades / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Santorini (Greek: Σαντορίνη, pronounced [sandoˈrini]), officially Thira (Greek: Θήρα [ˈθira]) and classic Greek Thera (English pronunciation /ˈθɪərə/), is an island in the southern Aegean Sea, about 200 km (120 mi) southeast from the Greek mainland. It is the largest island of a small, circular archipelago, which bears the same name and is the remnant of a caldera. It forms the southernmost member of the Cyclades group of islands, with an area of approximately 73 km2 (28 sq mi) and a 2011 census population of 15,550. The municipality of Santorini includes the inhabited islands of Santorini and Therasia, as well as the uninhabited islands of Nea Kameni, Palaia Kameni, Aspronisi and Christiana. The total land area is 90.623 km2 (34.990 sq mi).[2] Santorini is part of the Thira regional unit.[3]

Quick facts: Santorini / Thira Σαντορίνη / Θήρα, Count...
Santorini / Thira
Σαντορίνη / Θήρα
Partial panoramic view of SantoriniSunset in the village of OiaRuins of the Stoa Basilica at Ancient TheraOrthodox Metropolitan Cathedral of Ypapanti at the town of FiraThe Aegean Sea as seen from OiaView of Fira from the isle of Nea Kameni at the Santorini caldera
Clockwise from top: Partial panoramic view of Santorini, Sunset in the village of Oia, Ruins of the Stoa Basilica at Ancient Thera, the Orthodox Metropolitan Cathedral of Ypapanti at the town of Fira ([it], the Aegean Sea as seen from Oia, and view of Fira from the island of Nea Kameni at the Santorini caldera.
Santorini / Thira
Location within the region
Coordinates: 36°25′N 25°26′E
CountryGreece
Administrative regionSouth Aegean
Regional unitThira
Government
  MayorAntonis Sigalas
Area
  Municipality90.69 km2 (35.02 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
  Municipality
15,550
  Municipality density170/km2 (440/sq mi)
  Municipal unit
14,005
Community
  Population1,857 (2011)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
847 00, 847 02
Area code(s)22860
Vehicle registrationEM
Websitewww.thira.gr
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The island was the site of one of the largest volcanic eruptions in recorded history: the Minoan eruption (sometimes called the Thera eruption), which occurred about 3,600 years ago at the height of the Minoan civilization.[4] The eruption left a large caldera surrounded by volcanic ash deposits hundreds of metres deep.

It is the most active volcanic centre in the South Aegean Volcanic Arc, though what remains today is chiefly a water-filled caldera. The volcanic arc is approximately 500 km (300 mi) long and 20 to 40 km (12 to 25 mi) wide. The region first became volcanically active around 3–4 million years ago,[citation needed] though volcanism on Thera began around 2 million years ago with the extrusion of dacitic lavas from vents around Akrotiri.