In mathematics, a Schur-convex function, also known as S-convex, isotonic function and order-preserving function is a function that for all such that is majorized by , one has that . Named after Issai Schur, Schur-convex functions are used in the study of majorization. Every function that is convex and symmetric is also Schur-convex. The opposite implication is not true, but all Schur-convex functions are symmetric (under permutations of the arguments).[1]