In mathematics, a **Schur-convex function**, also known as **S-convex**, **isotonic function** and **order-preserving function** is a function that for all such that is majorized by , one has that . Named after Issai Schur, Schur-convex functions are used in the study of majorization. Every function that is convex and symmetric is also Schur-convex. The opposite implication is not true, but all Schur-convex functions are symmetric (under permutations of the arguments).[1]