Secure Shell

Cryptographic network protocol / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Secure Shell Protocol (SSH) is a cryptographic network protocol for operating network services securely over an unsecured network.[1] Its most notable applications are remote login and command-line execution.

Quick facts: Purpose, Developer(s), Introduction, OSI laye...
Secure Shell
Protocol stack
Purposesecure connection, remote access
Developer(s)Tatu Ylönen, Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
OSI layerTransport layer through application layer
RFC(s)RFC 4250, RFC 4251, RFC 4252, RFC 4253, RFC 4254

SSH applications are based on a client–server architecture, connecting an SSH client instance with an SSH server.[2] SSH operates as a layered protocol suite comprising three principal hierarchical components: the transport layer provides server authentication, confidentiality, and integrity; the user authentication protocol validates the user to the server; and the connection protocol multiplexes the encrypted tunnel into multiple logical communication channels.[1]

SSH was designed on Unix-like operating systems, as a replacement for Telnet and for unsecured remote Unix shell protocols, such as the Berkeley Remote Shell (rsh) and the related rlogin and rexec protocols, which all use insecure, plaintext transmission of authentication tokens.

SSH was first designed in 1995 by Finnish computer scientist Tatu Ylönen. Subsequent development of the protocol suite proceeded in several developer groups, producing several variants of implementation. The protocol specification distinguishes two major versions, referred to as SSH-1 and SSH-2. The most commonly implemented software stack is OpenSSH, released in 1999 as open-source software by the OpenBSD developers. Implementations are distributed for all types of operating systems in common use, including embedded systems.