Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short, summarize this topic like I'm... Ten years old or a College student
Self-reflection is the ability to witness and evaluate our own cognitive, emotional, and behavioural processes. In psychology, other terms used for this self-observation include 'reflective awareness', and 'reflective consciousness', which originate from the work of William James.
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Self-reflection depends upon a range of functions, including introspection and metacognition, which develop from infancy through adolescence, affecting how individuals interact with others, and make decisions.
The concept of self-reflection is ancient. For example, more than 3,000 years ago, "Know thyself", an ancient maxim by the Delphic oracle, Pythia, was inscribed on the forecourt of the Temple of Apollo when it was built over one of the oldest known religious sites in Ancient Greece. It is also considered a form of thought that generates new meaning and an opportunity to engage with what seemingly appears incongruous.