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Capital of South Korea / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Seoul (/sl/; Korean: [sʰʌul] (Loudspeaker.svglisten); lit.'Capital'), officially known as the Seoul Special City, is the capital and largest metropolis of South Korea.[9] According to the 2020 census, Seoul has a population of 9.9 million people, and forms the heart of the Seoul Capital Area with the surrounding Incheon metropolis and Gyeonggi province. Considered to be a global city and rated as an Alpha – City by Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC),[10] Seoul was the world's fourth largest metropolitan economy in 2014, following Tokyo, New York City and Los Angeles.

Quick facts: Seoul .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weig...
Seoul Special City
The Seongsan Bridge illuminated at night
Deoksugung, a traditional Korean building
Illuminated signs above a crowded street in Gangnam
Illuminated nighttime urban landscape of Seoul
Vendors sell root vegetables at Gyeongdong Market, a crowded indoor mall with a glass roof
Cheonggyecheon, a landscaped urban stream with vegetation along its shore
Gyeongbokgung Palace, a traditional Korean building
Flag of Seoul
Official seal of Seoul
Coat of arms of Seoul
Official logo of Seoul
"I  Seoul  U"[1]
Anthem: none[2]
Seoul is located in South Korea
Seoul (South Korea)
Seoul is located in Asia
Seoul (Asia)
Seoul is located in Earth
Seoul (Earth)
Coordinates: 37°33′36″N 126°59′24″E
CountryFlag_of_South_Korea.svg South Korea
AreaSeoul Capital
Founded byGen. Yi Sŏng-gye
Districts25 districts
  BodySeoul Metropolitan Government
Seoul Metropolitan Council
  MayorOh Se-hoon (People Power)
  National Assembly49
  Special city605.21 km2 (233.67 sq mi)
12,685 km2 (4,898 sq mi)
38 m (125 ft)
Highest elevation836.5 m (2,744.4 ft)
Lowest elevation0 m (0 ft)
 (October 2022)[4]
  Special city9,443,722
  Density16,000/km2 (40,000/sq mi)
  Metro density2,053/km2 (5,320/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Korean Standard Time)
BirdKorean magpie
ColorSeoul Red[6]
FontSeoul fonts (Seoul Hangang and Seoul Namsan)[7]
Nominal GDP
(Special City)
US$384 billion[8]
Nominal GDP per capita
(Special City)

Seoul was rated Asia's most livable city with the second highest quality of life globally by Arcadis in 2015, with a GDP per capita (PPP) of around $40,000. With major technology hubs centered in Gangnam and Digital Media City,[11] the Seoul Capital Area is home to the headquarters of 15 Fortune Global 500 companies, including Samsung,[12] LG, and Hyundai. Ranked seventh in the Global Power City Index and Global Financial Centres Index, the metropolis exerts a major influence in global affairs as one of the five leading hosts of global conferences.[13] Seoul has hosted the 1986 Asian Games, 1988 Summer Olympics, and the 2010 G20 Seoul summit.

Seoul was the capital of various Korean states, including Baekje, Joseon, the Korean Empire, Goryeo (as a secondary capital), and presently South Korea. It is strategically located along the Han River. Seoul's history stretches back over two thousand years, when it was founded in 18 BC by the people of Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. The city was later designated the capital of Korea under the Joseon dynasty. Seoul is surrounded by a mountainous and hilly landscape, with Bukhan Mountain located on the northern edge of the city. The Seoul Capital Area contains five UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Changdeok Palace, Hwaseong Fortress, Jongmyo Shrine, Namhansanseong and the Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty.[14] More recently, Seoul has been a major site of modern architectural construction – major modern landmarks include the N Seoul Tower, the 63 Building, the Lotte World Tower, the Dongdaemun Design Plaza, Lotte World, Trade Tower, COEX, IFC Seoul, and the Parc1. Seoul was named the 2010 World Design Capital. It is the birthplace of K-pop and the Korean wave, as it is the heart of Korean culture and massive medias, entertainment firms, and broadcasters.