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South Slavic ethnic group / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Serbs (Serbian Cyrillic: Срби, romanized: Srbi, pronounced [sr̩̂bi]) are the most numerous South Slavic ethnic group[29][30][31][32] native to the Balkans in Southeastern Europe, who share a common Serbian ancestry, culture, history, and language.

Quick facts: Total population, Regions with significant po...
Total population
c. 10 million*
Regions with significant populations
Flag_of_Serbia.svg Serbia (excl. Kosovo) 5,988,150 (2011)
Bosnia and Herzegovina B&H Republika Srpska RS 1,086,733 (2013)[1]
Southeast Europe
Flag_of_Croatia.svg Croatia123,892 (2021)[2]
Flag_of_Montenegro.svg Montenegro**178,110 (2011)[3]
Flag_of_Kosovo.svg Kosovo[lower-alpha 1]95,962 (2016 est.)[4]
Flag_of_Slovenia.svg Slovenia38,964 (2002)[5]
Flag_of_North_Macedonia.svg North Macedonia35,939 (2002)[6]
Flag_of_Romania.svg Romania18,076 (2011)[7]
Rest of Europe
Flag_of_Germany.svg Germanyc. 313,198 (people with full or partial ancestry)[8][9]
Flag_of_Austria.svg Austriac. 300,000 (people with full or partial ancestry)[10]
Flag_of_France.svg Francec. 200,000 (2022 est.)[11][12]
Flag_of_Switzerland_%28Pantone%29.svg Switzerlandc. 150,000 (2000 est.)[13]
Flag_of_Sweden.svg Swedenc. 110–120,000 (est.)
Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg United Kingdomc. 70,000 (2001 est.)[14]
Flag_of_Italy.svg Italy46,958[15]
Flag_of_Norway.svg Norwayc. 15,000 (est.)[16]
Flag_of_Hungary.svg Hungary11,127 (2016)[17]
Flag_of_Slovakia.svg Slovakia1,876 (2021)[18][19]
North America
Flag_of_the_United_States.svg United States199,080 (2012)[20]
Flag_of_Canada_%28Pantone%29.svg Canada96,530 (2016)[21]
Rest of the world
Flag_of_Australia_%28converted%29.svg Australia69,544 (2011)[22]
Flag_of_South_Africa.svg South Africac. 20,000 (est.)[23]
Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates.svg UAEc. 15,000 (est.)[24]
Flag_of_Argentina.svg Argentina30,000 (ancestry)[25]
Flag_of_Brazil.svg Brazil21,000[26]
Predominantly Eastern Orthodoxy
(Serbian Orthodox Church)[27]
Sunni Islam, Protestant and Catholic minorities
Related ethnic groups
Other South Slavs, especially Bosniaks, Macedonians, Montenegrins, Shtokavian speakers in Croatia and Torlak speakers in Bulgaria

* The total figure is merely an estimation; sum of all the referenced populations.
**Some 265,895 (or 42.88% of Montenegro's total population) declared Serbian language as their mother tongue.[28]

The majority of Serbs live in their nation state of Serbia, as well as in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, North Macedonia, and Kosovo.[lower-alpha 1][33][34] They also form significant minorities in Slovenia. There is a large Serb diaspora in Western Europe, and outside Europe and there are significant communities in North America and Australia.

The Serbs share many cultural traits with the rest of the peoples of Southeast Europe. They are predominantly Eastern Orthodox Christians by religion. The Serbian language (a standardized version of Serbo-Croatian) is official in Serbia, co-official in Kosovo and Bosnia and Herzegovina, and is spoken by the plurality in Montenegro.