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State Duma

Lower house of Federal Assembly of Russia / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The State Duma (Russian: Госуда́рственная ду́ма), commonly abbreviated in Russian as Gosduma (Russian: Госду́ма), is the lower house of the Federal Assembly of Russia, while the upper house is the Federation Council. The Duma headquarters are located in central Moscow, a few steps from Manege Square. Its members are referred to as deputies. The State Duma replaced the Supreme Soviet as a result of the new constitution introduced by Boris Yeltsin in the aftermath of the Russian constitutional crisis of 1993, and approved in a nationwide referendum.

Quick facts: State Duma Государственная дума Gosudarstven...
State Duma

Государственная дума

Gosudarstvennaya duma
8th State Duma
Established12 December 1993; 29 years ago (1993-12-12)
Preceded bySoviet of the Republic
Constitutional Conference of Russia
Vyacheslav Volodin, United Russia
since 5 October 2016
Alexander Zhukov, United Russia
since 5 October 2016
Ivan Melnikov, Communist Party
since 5 October 2016
Political groups
Government (325)
  •   United Russia (325)

Other parties (125)

Length of term
5 years
Parallel voting
First election
12 December 1993
Last election
17–19 September 2021
Next election
Before 20 September 2026
Meeting place
State Duma building
1 Okhotny Ryad Street, Moscow

In the 2007 and 2011 Russian legislative elections a full party-list proportional representation with 7% electoral threshold system was used, but this was subsequently repealed. The legislature's term length was initially 2 years in the 1993–1995 elections period, and 4 years in 1999–2007 elections period; since the 2011 elections the term length is 5 years.