Surveyor 1

Lunar lander spacecraft / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Surveyor 1 was the first lunar soft-lander in the uncrewed Surveyor program of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, United States). This lunar soft-lander gathered data about the lunar surface that would be needed for the crewed Apollo Moon landings that began in 1969. The successful soft landing of Surveyor 1 on the Ocean of Storms was the first by an American space probe on any extraterrestrial body,[3] occurring on the first attempt and just four months after the first soft Moon landing by the Soviet Union's Luna 9 probe.

Quick facts: Mission type, Operator, COSPAR ID, SATCAT no....
Surveyor 1
Surveyor model on Earth
Mission typeLunar lander
COSPAR ID1966-045A
SATCAT no.02185
Mission duration7 months, 8 days (launch to last contact)
Spacecraft properties
ManufacturerHughes Aircraft
Launch mass995.2 kilograms (2,194 lb)[1]
Landing mass292 kilograms (644 lb)
Start of mission
Launch dateMay 30, 1966, 14:41:01 (1966-05-30UTC14:41:01Z) UTC
RocketAtlas LV-3C Centaur-D
Launch siteCape Canaveral LC-36A
End of mission
Last contact7 January 1967 (1967-01-08)
Lunar lander
Landing dateJune 2, 1966, 06:17:36 UTC[2]
Landing site2.474°S 43.339°W / -2.474; -43.339[2]

Surveyor 1 was launched May 30, 1966, from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station at Cape Canaveral, Florida, and it landed on the Moon on June 2, 1966. Surveyor 1 transmitted 11,237 still photos of the lunar surface to the Earth by using a television camera and a sophisticated radio-telemetry system.

The Surveyor program was managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, in Los Angeles County, California, and the Surveyor space probe was built by the Hughes Aircraft Company in El Segundo, California.