T. S. Eliot

US-born British poet (1888–1965) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Thomas Stearns Eliot OM (26 September 1888  4 January 1965) was a poet, essayist, publisher, playwright, literary critic and editor.[1] He is considered to be one of the 20th century's greatest poets, as well as a central figure in English-language Modernist poetry. His use of language, writing style, and verse structure reinvigorated English poetry. He is also noted for his critical essays, which often reevaluated long-held cultural beliefs.[2]

Quick facts: T. S. Eliot OM, Born, Died, Occupation, Citiz...
T. S. Eliot

Eliot in 1934 by Lady Ottoline Morrell
Eliot in 1934 by Lady Ottoline Morrell
BornThomas Stearns Eliot
(1888-09-26)26 September 1888
St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
Died4 January 1965(1965-01-04) (aged 76)
London, England
  • Poet
  • essayist
  • playwright
  • publisher
  • critic
CitizenshipUSA (1888–1927)
UK (1927–1965)
EducationHarvard University (AB, AM)
Merton College, Oxford
Literary movementModernism
Notable works"The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" (1915)
The Waste Land (1922)
The Hollow Men (1925)
Murder in the Cathedral (1935)
Four Quartets (1943)
Notable awards
(m. 1915; sep. 1932)
(m. 1957)
ParentsHenry Ware Eliot
Charlotte Champe Stearns
RelativesEliot family

Born in St. Louis, Missouri, to a prominent Boston Brahmin family, he moved to England in 1914 at the age of 25 and went on to settle, work, and marry there.[3] He became a British subject in 1927 at the age of 39 and renounced his American citizenship.[4]

Eliot first attracted widespread attention for his poem "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" from 1914 to 1915, which, at the time of its publication, was considered outlandish.[5] It was followed by The Waste Land (1922), "The Hollow Men" (1925), "Ash Wednesday" (1930), and Four Quartets (1943).[6] He was also known for seven plays, particularly Murder in the Cathedral (1935) and The Cocktail Party (1949). He was awarded the 1948 Nobel Prize in Literature, "for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry".[7][8]

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