cover image

Titanium tetrachloride

Inorganic chemical compound / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short, summarize this topic like I'm... Ten years old or a College student

Titanium tetrachloride is the inorganic compound with the formula TiCl4. It is an important intermediate in the production of titanium metal and the pigment titanium dioxide. TiCl4 is a volatile liquid. Upon contact with humid air, it forms thick clouds of titanium dioxide (TiO2) and hydrochloric acid, a reaction that was formerly exploited for use in smoke machines. It is sometimes referred to as "tickle" or "tickle 4" due to the phonetic resemblance of its molecular formula (TiCl4) to the word.[7][8]

Quick facts: Names, Identifiers, Properties, Structure, Th...
Titanium tetrachloride
Names
IUPAC name
Titanium(IV) chloride
Other names
Titanium tetrachloride
Tetrachlorotitanium
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.028.584
EC Number
  • 231-441-9
MeSH Titanium+tetrachloride
RTECS number
  • XR1925000
UNII
UN number 1838
  • InChI=1S/4ClH.Ti/h4*1H;/q;;;;+4/p-4 Y
    Key: XJDNKRIXUMDJCW-UHFFFAOYSA-J Y
  • InChI=1/4ClH.Ti/h4*1H;/q;;;;+4/p-4/rCl4Ti/c1-5(2,3)4
    Key: XJDNKRIXUMDJCW-FOGBWSKZAG
  • Cl[Ti](Cl)(Cl)Cl
Properties
TiCl4
Molar mass 189.679 g/mol
Appearance Colourless liquid
Odor penetrating acid odor
Density 1.726 g/cm3
Melting point −24.1 °C (−11.4 °F; 249.1 K)
Boiling point 136.4 °C (277.5 °F; 409.5 K)
reacts (exothermic hydrolysis)[1]
Solubility soluble in dichloromethane,[2] toluene,[3] pentane[4]
Vapor pressure 1.3 kPa (20 °C)
54.0·10−6 cm3/mol
1.61 (10.5 °C)
Viscosity 827 μPa s
Structure
Tetragonal
Tetrahedral
0 D
Thermochemistry
355 J·mol−1·K−1[5]
−763 kJ·mol−1[5]
Hazards[6]
Occupational safety and health (OHS/OSH):
Main hazards
Toxic, corrosive, reacts with water to release HCl
GHS labelling:
Danger
H314, H317, H330, H335, H370, H372
P280, P301+P330+P331, P304+P340, P305+P351+P338, P308+P310
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
3
0
2
Safety data sheet (SDS) MSDS
Related compounds
Other anions
Titanium(IV) bromide
Titanium(IV) fluoride
Titanium(IV) iodide
Other cations
Hafnium(IV) chloride
Zirconium(IV) chloride
Related compounds
Titanium(II) chloride
Titanium(III) chloride
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Y verify (what is YN ?)
Close
Crystals of frozen titanium tetrachloride melting into the liquid