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Gender identity other than sex assigned at birth / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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A transgender person (often shortened to trans) is someone whose gender identity differs from that typically associated with the sex they were assigned at birth.[1] Some transgender people who desire medical assistance to transition from one sex to another identify as transsexual.[2][3] Transgender, often shortened as trans, is also an umbrella term; in addition to including people whose gender identity is the opposite of their assigned sex (trans men and trans women), it may also include people who are non-binary or genderqueer.[4][5][6] Other definitions of transgender also include people who belong to a third gender, or else conceptualize transgender people as a third gender.[7][8] The term may also include cross-dressers or drag kings and drag queens in some contexts.[9] The term transgender does not have a universally accepted definition, including among researchers.[10] [11]

Quick facts: Classification, Abbreviations, Other terms, A...
ClassificationGender identity
Other terms
Associated termsTranssexual

Being transgender is distinct from sexual orientation, and transgender people may identify as heterosexual (straight), homosexual (gay or lesbian), bisexual, asexual, or otherwise, or may decline to label their sexual orientation.[12] The opposite of transgender is cisgender, which describes persons whose gender identity matches their assigned sex.[13] Accurate statistics on the number of transgender people vary widely,[14] in part due to different definitions of what constitutes being transgender.[10] Some countries, such as Canada, collect census data on transgender people.[15] Generally, fewer than 1% of the worldwide population are transgender, with figures ranging from <0.1% to 0.6%.[16][17][18]

Many transgender people experience gender dysphoria, and some seek medical treatments such as hormone replacement therapy, gender-affirming surgery, or psychotherapy.[19] Not all transgender people desire these treatments, and some cannot undergo them for financial or medical reasons.[19][20]

The legal status of transgender people varies by jurisdiction. Many transgender people experience transphobia, or violence or discrimination towards transgender people, in the workplace,[21] in accessing public accommodations,[22] and in healthcare.[23] In many places, they are not legally protected from discrimination.[24] Several cultural events are held to celebrate the awareness of transgender people, including Transgender Day of Remembrance and International Transgender Day of Visibility,[25][26] and the transgender flag is a common transgender pride symbol.[27]

Transgender friends in Washington, D.C.[28][29]

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