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Gender identity other than sex assigned at birth / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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A transgender person (often abbreviated to trans person) is someone whose gender identity or gender expression does not correspond with their sex assigned at birth.[1][2] Many experience gender dysphoria, which they seek to alleviate through transitioning,[3] often adopting a different name and set of pronouns in the process. They may undergo sex reassignment therapies such as hormone therapy and sex reassignment surgery to more closely align their primary and secondary sex characteristics with their gender identity. Not all transgender people desire these treatments and others may be unable to access them for financial or medical reasons.[3][4] Those who do desire to medically transition to another sex may identify as transsexual.[5][6]

The transgender pride flag

Transgender is an umbrella term. In addition to trans men and trans women, it may also include people who are non-binary or genderqueer.[7][8][9] Other definitions of transgender also include people who belong to a third gender, or else conceptualize transgender people as a third gender,[10][11] and the term may be defined very broadly to include cross-dressers.[12]

Gender identity is distinct from sexual orientation,[13] and transgender people may be of any sexual orientation. The opposite of transgender is cisgender, which describes people whose gender identity matches their assigned sex.[14]

Statistics on the number of transgender people vary widely,[15] in part due to differing definitions of transgender.[16] Some countries, such as Canada, collect census data on transgender people.[17] Transgender identity is generally found in less than 1% of the worldwide population, with figures ranging from <0.1% to 0.6%.[18][19][20]

Many transgender people face discrimination in the workplace,[21] in accessing public accommodations,[22] and in healthcare.[23] In many places, they are not legally protected from discrimination.[24]

Transgender friends in Washington, D.C.[25][26]