Truncated icosahedron

Archimedean solid / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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In geometry, the truncated icosahedron is an Archimedean solid, one of 13 convex isogonal nonprismatic solids whose 32 faces are two or more types of regular polygons. It is the only one of these shapes that does not contain triangles or squares. In general usage, the degree of truncation is assumed to be uniform unless specified.

Table info: Truncated icosahedron...
Truncated icosahedron
Truncatedicosahedron.jpg
(Click here for rotating model)
TypeArchimedean solid
Uniform polyhedron
ElementsF = 32, E = 90, V = 60 (χ = 2)
Faces by sides12{5}+20{6}
Conway notationtI
Schläfli symbolst{3,5}
t0,1{3,5}
Wythoff symbol2 5 | 3
Coxeter diagramCDel_node.pngCDel_5.pngCDel_node_1.pngCDel_3.pngCDel_node_1.png
Symmetry groupIh, H3, [5,3], (*532), order 120
Rotation groupI, [5,3]+, (532), order 60
Dihedral angle6-6: 138.189685°
6-5: 142.62°
ReferencesU25, C27, W9
PropertiesSemiregular convex
Polyhedron_truncated_20_max.png
Colored faces
Polyhedron_truncated_20_vertfig.svg
5.6.6
(Vertex figure)
Polyhedron_truncated_20_dual_max.png
Pentakis dodecahedron
(dual polyhedron)
Polyhedron_truncated_20_net_compact.svg
Net
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It has 12 regular pentagonal faces, 20 regular hexagonal faces, 60 vertices and 90 edges.

It is the Goldberg polyhedron GPV(1,1) or {5+,3}1,1, containing pentagonal and hexagonal faces.

This geometry is associated with footballs (soccer balls) typically patterned with white hexagons and black pentagons. Geodesic domes such as those whose architecture Buckminster Fuller pioneered are often based on this structure. It also corresponds to the geometry of the fullerene C60 ("buckyball") molecule.

It is used in the cell-transitive hyperbolic space-filling tessellation, the bitruncated order-5 dodecahedral honeycomb.

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