USS Texas (BB-35)

Dreadnought battleship of the United States Navy / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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USS Texas (BB-35) is a museum ship and former United States Navy New York-class battleship. She was launched on 18 May 1912 and commissioned on 12 March 1914.[4][5]

Quick facts: History, United States, General characteristi...
USS Texas (BB-35), off New York City c. 1919
Flag_of_the_United_States_%281912-1959%29.svgUnited States
NamesakeState of Texas
Ordered24 June 1910
BuilderNewport News Shipbuilding
Laid down17 April 1911
Launched18 May 1912
Commissioned12 March 1914
Decommissioned21 April 1948
Stricken30 April 1948
FateMuseum ship
General characteristics
Class and typeNew York-class battleship
  • 27,000 long tons (27,433 t) (standard)
  • 28,367 long tons (28,822 t) (full load)
Beam95 ft 2.5 in (29.020 m)
  • 28 ft 6 in (8.69 m) (mean)
  • 29 ft 7 in (9.02 m) (max)
Installed power
Speed21 kn (39 km/h)
Range7,060 nmi (13,075 km; 8,125 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h)
Complement1,042 officers and men
General characteristics (1945)
Complement1810 officers and men[1]
Sensors and
processing systems
  • 2 × SG surface search radars[1]
  • 1 × SK air search radar[1]
  • 2 × Mk 3 fire control radar
  • 2 × Mk 10 fire control radar
  • 10 × 14 in/45 caliber guns
  • 6 × 5 in/51 caliber guns
  • 10 × 3 in/50 caliber gun
  • 10 × quad 40 mm Bofors AA guns
  • 44 × single 20 mm Oerlikon AA guns
ArmorTurrets: 1.75 in (44 mm) added to turret tops
Aircraft carried2 × OS2U Kingfisher
Aviation facilities1 × catapult
USS Texas
USS Texas (BB-35) is located in Texas
USS Texas (BB-35)
USS Texas (BB-35) is located in the United States
USS Texas (BB-35)
LocationGalveston, Texas in drydock for repairs.
Coordinates29°18′53″N 94°47′44″W
NRHP reference No.76002039
Significant dates
Added to NRHP8 December 1976[2]
Designated NHL8 December 1976[3]

Texas served in Mexican waters following the "Tampico Incident" but saw no action there, and made numerous sorties into the North Sea during World War I without engaging the enemy, though she did fire in anger for the first time when shooting medium-caliber guns at supposed submarines (no evidence exists that suggests these were anything more than waves). In World War II, Texas escorted war convoys across the Atlantic and later shelled Vichy French forces in the North African Landings and German-held beaches in the Normandy Landings before being transferred to the Pacific Theater late in 1944 to provide naval gunfire support during the Battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa. She was the only Allied battleship that took part in all four of these amphibious landings. Texas was decommissioned in 1948, having earned a total of five battle stars for service in World War II.

Texas was also a technological testbed: the first U.S. battleship to mount anti-aircraft guns, the first U.S. warship to control gunfire with directors and range-keepers, the first U.S. battleship to launch an aircraft,[6][7] and one of the first U.S. Navy warships to receive production radar. She was the first battleship in the world to be outfitted with 14-inch guns.[A 1]

Texas was the first U.S. battleship to become a permanent museum ship. Although the USS Alabama museum was opened on 9 January 1965 [A 2][6] In 1976 she became the first battleship to be declared a U.S. National Historic Landmark,[8] and is the only remaining World War I era dreadnought battleship. She is also one of the eight remaining ships and the only remaining capital ship to have served in both World Wars.[9][A 3] Texas is owned by the people of Texas and is officially under the jurisdiction of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Everyday operations and maintenance of Texas have been handled by the non-profit organization Battleship Texas Foundation since August 2020.[10][11] At the end of August 2022 she was moved to a dry dock in Galveston, Texas, to undergo a $35 million repair project. As of August 2023, the repair project is still underway.[12]

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