Land force that fought for the Union (the north) during the American Civil War / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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During the American Civil War, the United States Army, the land force that fought to preserve the collective Union of the states, was often referred to as the Union Army, the Federal Army or the Northern Army. It proved essential to the restoration and preservation of the United States as a working, viable republic.
|Size||2,128,948 (700,000 Peak)|
|Part of||U.S. Department of War|
|March||“Battle Hymn of the Republic"|
|Commander-in-Chief||President Abraham Lincoln (1861–1865)|
President Andrew Johnson (1865)
|Commanding General||MG Winfield Scott (1841–1861)|
MG George B. McClellan (1861–1862)
MG Henry W. Halleck (1862–1864)
GA Ulysses S. Grant (1864–1869)
The Union Army was made up of the permanent regular army of the United States, but further fortified, augmented, and strengthened by the many temporary units of dedicated volunteers, as well as including those who were drafted in to service as conscripts. To this end, the Union Army fought and ultimately triumphed over the efforts of the Confederate States Army.
Over the course of the war, 2,128,948 men enlisted in the Union Army, including 178,895 colored troops; 25% of the white men who served were immigrants, and further 25% were first-generation Americans. Of these soldiers, 596,670 were killed, wounded or went missing. The initial call-up was for just three months, after which many of these men chose to reenlist for an additional three years.