Victor-Marie Hugo (French: [viktɔʁ maʁi yɡo] (listen); 26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French Romantic writer and politician. During a literary career that spanned more than sixty years, he wrote in a variety of genres and forms. He is considered to be one of the greatest French writers of all time.

Quick facts: Victor Hugo, Born, Died, Resting place, Occup...
Victor Hugo
Hugo by Étienne Carjat, 1876
BornVictor-Marie Hugo
(1802-02-26)26 February 1802
Besançon, Doubs, France
Died22 May 1885(1885-05-22) (aged 83)
Paris, France
Resting placePanthéon, Paris
OccupationPoet, novelist, dramatist, essayist, politician
GenreNovel, poetry, theatre
Literary movementRomanticism
Years active1829–1883
Notable works
(m. 1822; died 1868)
Senator for Seine
In office
30 January 1876  22 May 1882
Member of the National Assembly
for Gironde
In office
9 February 1871  1 March 1871
Member of the National Assembly
for Seine
In office
24 April 1848  3 December 1851
Peer of France
In office
13 April 1845  February 1848
Member of the Académie française
Seat 14
In office
7 January 1841  22 May 1885
Preceded byNépomucène Lemercier
Succeeded byLeconte de Lisle
Personal details
Political party

His most famous works are the novels The Hunchback of Notre-Dame (1831) and Les Misérables (1862). In France, Hugo is renowned for his poetry collections, such as Les Contemplations (The Contemplations) and La Légende des siècles (The Legend of the Ages). Hugo was at the forefront of the Romantic literary movement with his play Cromwell and drama Hernani. Many of his works have inspired music, both during his lifetime and after his death, including the opera Rigoletto and the musicals Les Misérables and Notre-Dame de Paris. He produced more than 4,000 drawings in his lifetime, and campaigned for social causes such as the abolition of capital punishment.

Though he was a committed royalist when young, Hugo's views changed as the decades passed, and he became a passionate supporter of republicanism serving in politics as both deputy and senator. His work touched upon most of the political and social issues and the artistic trends of his time. His opposition to absolutism and his literary stature established him as a national hero. He was honoured by interment in the Panthéon.

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