Vladimir Shukhov

Russian polymath, engineer, scientist and architect (1853–1939) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Vladimir Grigoryevich Shukhov (Russian: Влади́мир Григо́рьевич Шу́хов; 28 August [O.S. 16 August] 1853 – 2 February 1939) was a Russian and Soviet engineer-polymath, scientist and architect renowned for his pioneering works on new methods of analysis for structural engineering that led to breakthroughs in industrial design of the world's first hyperboloid structures,[1] diagrid shell structures,[2] tensile structures,[2] gridshell structures,[2] oil reservoirs, pipelines, boilers, ships and barges. He is also the inventor of the first cracking method.

Quick facts: Vladimir Shukhov, Born, Died, Nationality, Ed...
Vladimir Shukhov
Владимир Шухов
Shukhov, 1891
Born28 August [O.S. 16 August] 1853
Died2 February 1939(1939-02-02) (aged 85)
EducationImperial Moscow Technical Institute
SpouseAnna Nikolayevna Shukhova
ChildrenSergey, Flaviy, Vladimir
Parent(s)Grigory Shukhov
Vera Shukhova
Engineering career
DisciplineCivil engineer
Structural engineer
ProjectsPolibino Tower
Adziogol Lighthouse
Shukhov Tower
Oka River Tower
Significant designShukhov Rotunda
Pushkin Museum
Kiyevsky railway station
Novo-Ryazanskaya Garage
Bakhmetevsky Bus Garage
AwardsLenin Prize (1929)

Besides the innovations he brought to the oil industry and the construction of numerous bridges and buildings, Shukhov was the inventor of a new family of doubly curved structural forms. These forms, based on non-Euclidean hyperbolic geometry, are known today as hyperboloids of revolution. Shukhov developed not only many varieties of light-weight hyperboloid towers and roof systems, but also the mathematics for their analysis. Shukhov is particularly reputed for his original designs of hyperboloid towers such as the Shukhov Tower.