Historical Slavic noble title / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Voivode (/ˈvɔɪvd/ VOY-vohd), also spelled voivod, voievod or voevod and also known as vaivode (/ˈvvd, ˈv-/ V(A)Y-vohd), voivoda, vojvoda or wojewoda, is a title denoting a military leader or warlord in Central, Southeastern and Eastern Europe in use since the Early Middle Ages. It primarily referred to the medieval rulers of the Romanian-inhabited states and of governors and military commanders of Ukrainian Cossacks, Hungarian, Balkaners, Russian people and other Slavic-speaking populations.

In the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, voivode was interchangeably used with palatine. In the Tsardom of Russia, a voivode was a military governor. Among the Danube principalities, voivode was considered a princely title.