Władysław II Jagiełło
Grand Duke of Lithuania (1377–1434); King of Poland (1386–1434) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Jogaila (Lithuanian: [jɔˈɡâːɪɫɐ] (listen); c. 1352/1362 – 1 June 1434), later Władysław II Jagiełło (Polish: [vwaˈdɨswaf jaˈɡʲɛwwɔ] (listen)),[nb 1] was Grand Duke of Lithuania (1377–1434) and then King of Poland (1386–1434), first alongside his wife Jadwiga until 1399, and then sole ruler of Poland. Born a pagan, he converted to Catholicism in 1386 and was baptized as Ladislaus (Polish: Władysław) in Kraków, married the young Queen Jadwiga, and was crowned King of Poland as Władysław II Jagiełło. In 1387, he converted Lithuania to Catholicism. His own reign in Poland started in 1399, upon the death of Queen Jadwiga, lasted a further thirty-five years, and laid the foundation for the centuries-long Polish–Lithuanian union. He was a member of the Jagiellonian dynasty in Poland that bears his name and was previously also known as the Gediminid dynasty in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The dynasty ruled both states until 1572,[nb 2] and became one of the most influential dynasties in late medieval and early modern Europe. During his reign, the Polish-Lithuanian state was the largest state in the Christian world.
|Władysław II Jagiełło|
|Grand Duke of Lithuania|
|Reign||May 1377 – August 1381, 3/15 August 1382 – 1 June 1434|
|King of Poland|
with Jadwiga (1386–1399)
|Reign||4 March 1386 – 1 June 1434|
|Coronation||4 March 1386|
Vilnius, Grand Duchy of Lithuania
|Died||(1434-06-01)1 June 1434|
Gródek Jagielloński, Kingdom of Poland
(cadet branch of the Gediminid dynasty)
|Father||Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania|
|Mother||Uliana of Tver|
Jogaila was the last pagan ruler of medieval Lithuania. After he became King of Poland, as a result of the Union of Krewo, the newly formed Polish-Lithuanian union confronted the growing power of the Teutonic Order. The allied victory at the Battle of Grunwald in 1410, followed by the Peace of Thorn, secured the Polish and Lithuanian borders and marked the emergence of the Polish–Lithuanian alliance as a significant force in Europe. The reign of Władysław II Jagiełło extended Polish frontiers and is often considered the beginning of Poland's Golden Age.