White Hispanic and Latino Americans

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In the United States, a white Hispanic or Latino is an individual who is of full or partial Hispanic or Latino descent, the largest group being white Mexican Americans.[7] Although not differentiated in the U.S. Census definition, White Latino Americans may also be defined to include only those who identify as white and either originate from or have descent from countries in Latin America[8][9] that speak Romance languages such as Brazil, Haiti, and French Guiana.

Quick facts: Total population, Regions with significant po...
White Hispanic and Latino Americans
Total population
12,579,626 (white alone)
20.3% of all Hispanic and Latino Americans and 3.8% of the U.S. population
31,521,221 (white alone or in combination)
50.8% of all Latino Americans and 9.6% of the U.S. population[1][2] (2020)
Regions with significant populations
Nationwide, concentrated in Southwest
Flag_of_Texas.svg Texas3,024,768
26.4% of Hispanics and Latinos
10.4% of total population
Flag_of_California.svg California2,581,535
16.6% of Hispanics and Latinos
6.5% of total population
Flag_of_Florida.svg Florida1,322,458
23.2% of Hispanics and Latinos
6.1% of total population
Flag_of_New_Mexico.svg New Mexico305,985
30.3% of Hispanics and Latinos
14.5% of total population
English, Spanish, Portuguese
Roman Catholicism, sizeable Protestantism
  Minority: Atheism, Judaism
Related ethnic groups
White Latin Americans, White Mexicans, White Americans, Hispanic and Latino Americans, Spanish Americans, Portuguese Americans, Italian Americans, French Americans

Based on the definitions created by the Office of Management and Budget and the US Census Bureau, the concepts of race and ethnicity are mutually independent. For the Census Bureau, ethnicity distinguishes between those who report ancestral origins in Spain or Latin America (Hispanic and Latino Americans), and those who do not (non-Hispanic Americans).[8][9][10] From 1850 to 1920, Mexicans in the United States were generally classified as white by the U.S. Census.[11] In 1930, "Mexican" was officially added as a racial category on the United States Census but was soon after removed due to political pressure from the Mexican consul general in New York, the Mexican ambassador in Washington, the Mexican government itself, Mexican Americans, and the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) who protested the exclusion from whiteness.[11] In 1970, a 5 percent sample of the Census was asked if their “origin or descent” was Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or Other Spanish.[11] In 1980, the full population was asked about "Spanish/Hispanic origin or descent" identifying three nationalities (“Mexican, Mexican-American, Chicano”).[11] Thereafter "Latino" was classified solely as an ethnicity separate from race.[12] In 2000, the US Census Bureau allowed persons to check multiple race identifiers.[13]

As of 2020, 62 million or 18.7% of residents of the United States of America identified as Hispanic or Latino of which 12.5 million or 20.3% self-identified as white alone[14] down from the 2019 American Community Survey when 38.3 million, or 65.5% of Latinos self-identified as white.[15]