York is a cathedral city with Roman origins, sited at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss in North Yorkshire, England. It is the historic county town of Yorkshire. The city has long-standing buildings and other structures, such as a minster, castle, and city walls. It is the largest settlement and the administrative centre of the wider City of York district which covers an area larger than the city itself. The city centre which is an unparished area had a population of 117,724. While the district had a population of 210,618.
Clockwise from the top left: Micklegate Bar, York Minster from York City Walls, Lendal Bridge, aerial of York and York Castle.
|Area||687 km2 (265 sq mi)|
|Population||117,724 (2021 Census)|
|• Density||171/km2 (440/sq mi)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
The city was founded under the name of Eboracum in 71 AD. It then became the capital of the Roman province of Britannia Inferior, and later of the kingdoms of Deira, Northumbria, and Jórvík. In the Middle Ages, it became the northern England ecclesiastical province's centre, and grew as a wool-trading centre. In the 19th century, it became a major railway network hub and confectionery manufacturing centre. During the Second World War, part of the Baedeker Blitz bombed the city; it was less affected by the war than other northern cities, with several historic buildings being gutted and restored up to the 1960s.
The city is one of 15 in England to have a lord mayor, and one of two to have The Right Honourable title affixed, the other being London's. Historic governance of the city was as a county corporate, not included in the county's riding system. The city has since been covered by a municipal borough, county borough, then a non-metropolitan district. Surrounding villages and rural areas, including Haxby, are included in the current district; this district's local council is responsible for providing all local services and facilities throughout this area. The city had a population of 153,717 in the 2011 census; the wider district had a mid-2019 est. population of 210,618, making it the 87th most populous in England. According to 2021 census data, York has population of 202,800 that is a 2.4% increase compared to 2011 census.