mathematical expression that may form a separable part of an equation, a series, or another expression; used in in mathematical logic, universal algebra, and rewriting systems From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A **term** is a mathematical expression.

In elementary mathematics, a *term* is either a single number or variable, or the product of several numbers or variables. Terms are separated by a + or - sign in an overall expression. For example, in

- 3 + 4
*x*+ 5*yzw*

3, 4*x*, and 5*yzw* are three separate terms.

In the context of polynomials, *term* can mean a monomial with a coefficient. To combine like terms in a polynomial is to make it a linear combination of distinct monomials. For example,

- 3
*x*+ 2*x*^{2}+ 5*x*+ 1 = 2*x*^{2}+ (3+5)*x*+ 1 = 2*x*^{2}+ 8*x*+ 1, with like terms collected.

A series is often represented as the sum of a sequence of terms.

In general mathematical use, however, *term* is not limited to additive expressions. Individual factors in an expression representing a product are multiplicative terms. Indeed, individual elements of any mathematical expression may be referred to as "terms".

In logic, a term is a collection of symbols used to represent a mathematical object (rather than a mathematical statement). A basic term is either a constant or a variable, while more complex terms can also be built using operators (such as the term ). To refer to a term, variables such as and are often used.^{[1]}

In informal logic, a term can also refer to the subject or predicate of a statement.^{[2]}

- Addition and Subtraction

- Addend

- Subtrahend and minuend the first and second terms, respectively, in subtraction

- Multiplication
- Factor. In a multiplication of two factors, the first is called the multiplicand and the second is called the multiplier.
- Divisions and Fractions
- The top of a division is called the numerator (or dividend), and the bottom is called the denominator (or divisor).
- Term Value
- The value of the term such as the term value of 8a, if a=1, is 8.

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