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开府仪同三司

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开府仪同三司,官名。开府,指以自己的名义自置幕府幕僚部属的行为。得授仪同三司加号者可以得到与三公一样之待遇。开府仪同三司一般是魏晋至元朝时,朝廷对有功大臣功劳的重赐。

沿革

开府,始于汉朝,唯三公(东汉指司徒司马司空)、大将军骠骑将军卫将军等位同公的将军可以开幕府

东汉,有仪同三司的加号,得授者可以得到与三公一样的仪卫、待遇。魏晋以后,将军开府者甚多,称开府仪同三司。投降曹魏黄权首次获得开府仪同三司这个称呼。

南北朝后期,分化为开府仪同三司、仪同三司两者,皆得开府置官署,后来又进而分为上开府仪同大将军、开府仪同大将军、上仪同大将军、仪同大将军四种。

隋唐为文散官从一品北宋元丰改制,改使相为开府仪同三司。元朝时沿置。明朝废。

参考文献

  • 晋书·职官志》:“开府仪同三司。汉官也。殇帝延平元年,邓骘车骑将军,仪同三司,仪同之名,始自此也。及魏黄权以车骑将军开府仪同三司,开府之名,起于此也。”
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开府仪同三司
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