cover image

Alexandria, Virginia

Independent city in Virginia, United States / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about Alexandria, Virginia?

Summarize this article for a 10 years old


Alexandria is an independent city in the northern region of the Commonwealth of Virginia, United States. It lies on the western bank of the Potomac River approximately 7 miles (11 km) south of downtown Washington, D.C. Alexandria is the third-largest "principal city" of the Washington metropolitan area which is part of the larger Washington-Baltimore combined statistical area.

Quick facts: Alexandria, Country, State, County, Founded...
George Washington Masonic National Memorial in 2015 with Washington, D.C., and Arlington in the distance
Flag of Alexandria
Official seal of Alexandria
Location of Alexandria in Virginia
Location of Alexandria in Virginia
Alexandria is located in Northern Virginia
Alexandria is located in Virginia
Alexandria is located in the United States
Coordinates: 38°49′13″N 77°03′01″W
CountryUnited States
CountyNone (Independent city)
Incorporated (town)1779
Incorporated (city)1852
Incorporated (Independent city)1870
  MayorJustin Wilson (D)
  Virginia Senate30: Adam Ebbin (D)
35: Richard L. Saslaw (D)
39: George Barker (D)
  Delegate45: Elizabeth Bennett-Parker (D)
46: Charniele Herring (D)
  U.S. SenateMark Warner (D)
Tim Kaine (D)
  U.S. House8: Don Beyer (D)
  Total15.35 sq mi (39.75 km2)
  Land14.93 sq mi (38.68 km2)
  Water0.41 sq mi (1.07 km2)
Highest elevation
287 ft (87 m)
Lowest elevation
0 ft (0 m)
  Rank169th in United States
6th in Virginia
  Density10,680.97/sq mi (4,122.72/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
22301 to 22315, 22320 to 22336
Area codes703, 571
FIPS code51-01000[2]
GNIS feature ID1492456[3]
Primary AirportsRonald Reagan Washington National Airport
Dulles International Airport
Commuter railVirginia Railway Express

In 2020, the population was 159,467, making it the 6th most populous city in Virginia and the 169th most populous city in the nation.[4] The city's estimated population has grown by 1% annually since 2010 on average.[5]

Like the rest of Northern Virginia and Central Maryland, modern Alexandria has been influenced by its proximity to the U.S. capital. It is largely populated by professionals working in the federal civil service, in the U.S. military, or for one of the many private companies which contract to provide services to the federal government. One of Alexandria's largest employers is the U.S. Department of Defense. Another is the Institute for Defense Analyses. In 2005, the United States Patent and Trademark Office moved to Alexandria, and in 2017, so did the headquarters of the National Science Foundation.

The historic center of Alexandria is known as Old Town Alexandria (or simply "Old Town"). With its concentration of boutiques, restaurants, antique shops and theaters, it is a major draw for all who live in Alexandria as well as for visitors. Like Old Town, many Alexandria neighborhoods are compact and walkable. It is the 6th largest and highest-income independent city in Virginia. A large portion of adjacent Fairfax County, mostly south but also west of the city, has Alexandria mailing addresses. However, this area is under the jurisdiction of Fairfax County's government and separate from the independent city.[6] The city is therefore sometimes referred to as the "City of Alexandria" to avoid confusion (see the "Neighborhoods" paragraph below). Additionally, neighboring Arlington County was formerly named "Alexandria County" before it was renamed by the Virginia General Assembly in 1920 to reduce confusion with the city.