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Amsterdam Airport Schiphol

Airport in the Netherlands / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Amsterdam Airport Schiphol (IATA: AMS, ICAO: EHAM), known informally as Schiphol Airport (Dutch: Luchthaven Schiphol, pronounced [ˌlʏxtɦaːvə(n) ˈsxɪp(ɦ)ɔl; sxɪpˈɦɔl]),[lower-alpha 1] is the main international airport of the Netherlands.[7] It is located 9 kilometres (5.6 mi)[5] southwest of Amsterdam, in the municipality of Haarlemmermeer in the province of North Holland. It is the world's third busiest airport by international passenger traffic in 2021. With almost 72 million passengers in 2019, it is the third-busiest airport in Europe in terms of passenger volume and the busiest in Europe in terms of aircraft movements. With an annual cargo tonnage of 1.74 million, it is the 4th busiest in Europe. AMS covers a total area of 6,887 acres (10.761 sq mi; 2,787 ha) of land.[2] The airport is built on the single-terminal concept: one large terminal split into three departure halls.

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Amsterdam Airport Schiphol

Koninklijke Luchthaven Schiphol
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorRoyal Schiphol Group
ServesGreater Amsterdam
LocationHaarlemmermeer, Netherlands
Opened16 September 1916; 107 years ago (1916-09-16)
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL−11 ft / −3 m
Coordinates52°18′00″N 4°45′54″E
AMS/EHAM is located in Greater Amsterdam
Location within Greater Amsterdam
AMS/EHAM is located in North Holland
Location in North Holland
AMS/EHAM is located in Netherlands
Location in the Netherlands
AMS/EHAM is located in Europe
Location in Europe
Direction Length Surface
m ft
18R/36L 'Polderbaan' 3,800 12,467 Asphalt
06/24 'Kaagbaan' 3,500 11,483 Asphalt
09/27 'Buitenveldertbaan' 3,453 11,329 Asphalt
18L/36R 'Aalsmeerbaan' 3,400 11,155 Asphalt
18C/36C 'Zwanenburgbaan' 3,300 10,827 Asphalt
04/22 'Oostbaan' 2,014 6,608 Asphalt
Statistics (2022)
Aircraft movements266,967
Freight (tonnes)1,667,304
Economic impact (2016)$27.3 billion[1]
Land area2,787 ha[2]

Schiphol is the hub for KLM and its regional affiliate KLM Cityhopper as well as for Corendon Dutch Airlines, Martinair, Transavia and TUI fly Netherlands. The airport also serves as a base for easyJet.

Schiphol opened on 16 September 1916 as a military airbase. The end of the First World War also saw the beginning of civilian use of Schiphol Airport and the airport eventually lost its military role completely. By 1940, Schiphol had four asphalt runways at 45-degree angles. The airport was captured by the German military that same year and renamed Fliegerhorst Schiphol. The airport was destroyed through bombing but at the end of the war, the airfield was soon rebuilt. In 1949, it was decided that Schiphol was to become the primary airport of the Netherlands. Schiphol Airport was voted the Best Airport in Western Europe in 2020.[8]