City in Massachusetts, United States / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Cambridge (/ˈkeɪmbrɪdʒ/ KAYM-brij) is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, in the United States. It is a major suburb in the Greater Boston metropolitan area, located directly across the Charles River from Boston. The city's population as of the 2020 U.S. census was 118,403, making it the largest city in the county, the fourth most populous city in the state, behind Boston, Worcester, and Springfield, and ninth most populous city in New England. It was named in honor of the University of Cambridge in England, which was an important center of the Puritan theology that was embraced by the town's founders.: 18
|Coordinates: 42°22′25″N 71°06′38″W|
|Named for||University of Cambridge|
|• Type||Council-City Manager|
|• Mayor||Sumbul Siddiqui|
|• Vice Mayor||Alanna Mallon|
|• City Manager||Yi-An Huang|
|• Total||7.10 sq mi (18.40 km2)|
|• Land||6.40 sq mi (16.57 km2)|
|• Water||0.71 sq mi (1.83 km2)|
|Elevation||40 ft (12 m)|
|• Density||18,512.04/sq mi (7,147.01/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (Eastern)|
|Area code||617 / 857|
|GNIS feature ID||0617365|
Cambridge is known globally as home to two of the world's most prestigious universities. Harvard University, an Ivy League university founded in Cambridge in 1636, is the oldest institution of higher learning in the nation and has routinely been ranked as one of the best universities in the world. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), founded in 1861, is also located in Cambridge and has been similarly ranked highly among the world's best universities. Lesley University and Hult International Business School also are based in Cambridge. Radcliffe College, an elite women's liberal arts college, also was based in Cambridge from its 1879 founding until its assimiliation into Harvard in 1999.
Kendall Square, near MIT in the eastern part of Cambridge, has been called "the most innovative square mile on the planet" due to the high concentration of startup companies that have emerged there since 2010.