# Closed-form expression

## Mathematical formula involving a given set of operations / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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In mathematics, an expression is in **closed form** if it is formed with constants, variables and a finite set of basic functions connected by arithmetic operations (+, −, ×, ÷, and integer powers) and function composition. Commonly, the allowed functions are *n*th root, exponential function, logarithm, and trigonometric functions .[1] However, the set of basic functions depends on the context.

The *closed-form problem* arises when new ways are introduced for specifying mathematical objects, such as limits, series and integrals: given an object specified with such tools, a natural problem is to find, if possible, a *closed-form expression* of this object, that is, an expression of this object in terms of previous ways of specifying it.