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Demographics of South Korea

Demographic features of the population of South Korea / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a demography of the population of South Korea including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Quick facts: Demographics of South Korea, Population, Grow...
Demographics of South Korea
Population pyramid of South Korea in 2021
Population51,844,834 (2022 est.)
Growth rate0.24% (2022 est.)
Birth rate5.3 births/1,000 population (2021)
Death rate7.12 deaths/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Life expectancy82.97 years
  male79.88 years
  female86.24 years (2022 est.)
Fertility rate0.81 children born/woman (2021)
Infant mortality rate2.87 deaths/1,000 live births
Net migration rate2.63 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Age structure
0–14 years12.02%
65 and over16.74%
Sex ratio
Total1.01 male(s)/female (2022 est.)
At birth1.05 male(s)/female
Under 151.05 male(s)/female
65 and over0.6 male(s)/female
Major ethnicKoreans (homogenous)[1]
Population of the Korean Peninsula 1910–2016

In June 2012, South Korea's population reached 50 million,[2] and by the end of 2016, South Korea's population peaked at about 51 million people.[3] However, in recent years the total fertility rate (TFR) of South Korea has plummeted, leading some researchers to suggest that if current trends continue, the country's population will shrink to approximately 28 million people by the end of the 21st century.[4]

In 2018, fertility in South Korea became a topic of international debate after only 26,500 babies were born in October and an estimated 325,000 babies for the year, causing the country to achieve the lowest birth rate in the world.[5][6][7] In a further indication of South Korea's dramatic decline in fertility, in 2020 the country recorded more deaths than births, resulting in a population decline for the first time since modern records began.[8][9]

Analysts have attributed South Korea's population decline resulting from low birth rates to the country's high economic inequality; including the high cost of living, low wages for an OECD member country, lack of job opportunities, as well as rising housing in-affordability.[10] Many South Koreans have termed their country "Hell Joseon"[lower-alpha 1] as a result, and the last two generations has considered themselves "Sampo"[lower-alpha 2] and "N-po"[lower-alpha 3] respectively.[11][12] South Korea also has the highest suicide rate in the OECD and the wider developed world.[13]

Live births and deaths of South Korea 1925–2019
Crude birth and death rate of South Korea 1925–2019
South Korea population pyramid 1960–2020