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Google Chrome is a cross-platform web browser developed by Google. It was first released in 2008 for Microsoft Windows, built with free software components from Apple WebKit and Mozilla Firefox.[15] Versions were later released for Linux, macOS, iOS, and also for Android, where it is the default browser.[16] The browser is also the main component of ChromeOS, where it serves as the platform for web applications.

Quick facts: Developer(s), Initial release, Windows XP, Wi...
Google Chrome
Developer(s)Google
Initial release
Windows XPBeta / September 2, 2008; 14 years ago (2008-09-02)
Windows XP1.0 / December 11, 2008; 13 years ago (2008-12-11)
macOS, LinuxPreview / June 4, 2009; 13 years ago (2009-06-04)
macOS, LinuxBeta / December 8, 2009; 12 years ago (2009-12-08)
Multi­platform5.0 / May 25, 2010; 12 years ago (2010-05-25)
Stable release(s) [±]
Windows, macOS, Linux107.0.5304.121/122[1]  / 24 November 2022; 2 days ago (24 November 2022)
Android107.0.5304.141[2]  / 24 November 2022; 2 days ago (24 November 2022)
iOS107.0.5304.101[3]  / 8 November 2022; 18 days ago (8 November 2022)
Extended Support Release106.0.5249.199[4]  / 24 November 2022; 2 days ago (24 November 2022)
Preview release(s) [±]
Windows, macOS, Linux108.0.5359.48[5]  / 16 November 2022; 10 days ago (16 November 2022)
Android108.0.5359.47[6]  / 16 November 2022; 10 days ago (16 November 2022)
iOS109.0.5414.7[7]  / 17 November 2022; 9 days ago (17 November 2022)
Written inC, C++, Assembly, HTML, Java (Android app only), JavaScript, Python[8][9][10]
EnginesBlink (WebKit on iOS), V8 JavaScript engine
Operating system
PlatformIA-32, x86-64, ARMv7, ARMv8-A
Included with
Available in47 languages[13]
TypeWeb browser, mobile browser
LicenseProprietary freeware, based on open source components[14][note 1]
Websitewww.chrome.com
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Most of Chrome's source code comes from Google's free and open-source software project Chromium, but Chrome is licensed as proprietary freeware.[14] WebKit was the original rendering engine, but Google eventually forked it to create the Blink engine;[17] all Chrome variants except iOS now use Blink.[18]

As of October 2022, StatCounter estimates that Chrome has a 67% worldwide browser market share (after peaking at 72.38% in November 2018) on personal computers (PC),[19] is most used on tablets (having surpassed Safari), and is also dominant on smartphones[20][21] and at 65% across all platforms combined.[22] Because of this success, Google has expanded the "Chrome" brand name to other products: ChromeOS, Chromecast, Chromebook, Chromebit, Chromebox, and Chromebase.