Help:IPA/Greek

Wikipedia key to pronunciation of Greek / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The charts below show how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents the Ancient Greek (AG) and Modern Greek (MG) pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. The Ancient Greek pronunciation shown here is a reconstruction of the Attic dialect in the 5th century BC. For other Ancient Greek dialects, such as Doric, Aeolic, or Koine Greek, please use |generic=yes. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see Template:IPA and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Ancient Greek phonology and Modern Greek phonology for a more thorough look at their sounds.

Table info: IPA, AG, MG, Example, English approximation...
Consonants[1]
IPAAGMGExampleEnglish approximation
c κ κιόλας[2] skew
k κ, ξ κατά, ξένος[3][2] scar
χ χάρτης[2] car
x χ similar to strongly aspirated hat,
Scottish English loch, German Bach
ç χέρι[2] hue
j ι εη[4] toy yacht
ʝ γ γη[2] similar to yes
ɣ γάλα[2] Spanish amigo
ɡ γ again
γκ
γγ
εγκώμιο[2][5]
ɟ άγγελος[2][5] argue
p π, ψ πέτρα, ψυχή[3] spy
φ φως paint
f φ four
v β, υ[6] βέλος vet
b β about
μπ μπαμπάς[5]
w υ παύω[4] well
t τ τάφος stay
θ θεός take
θ θ thought
ð δ δούλη the
d δ today
ντ εντάξει[5]
h ῾◌ ρως[7] hat
l λ λόγος look
ʎ λ ελιά million
m μ μοίρα mole
n ν ναι no
ɲ ν νιότη onion
ŋ γ άγχος sing
r ρ ώρα similar to American English autumn or Scottish rule[8]
ίζα similar to train
s σ, ς
ξ, ψ
σοφός, ψυχή, ξένος[3] between sip and ship (retracted)
z ζ, σ κόσμος, ζωή[3] between zone and genre (retracted)
t͡s τσ τσάι between cats and catch (retracted)
d͡z ζ τζ τζάκι between buds and budge (retracted)
Dialectal segments
IPAEnglish approximation
ʃ ship
ɕ
ʒ genre
ʑ
t͡ʃ catch
t͡ɕ
d͡ʒ budge
d͡ʑ
æ cat
IPAExplanation
◌ː marks a consonant produced twice as long[1]
Vowels
Monophthongs
IPAAGMGExampleEnglish approximation
a α άρτος Australian English father
χώρ father
ɛː η ψυχή[9] met, but longer
e ε[10] θεός met
ει εἰμί[9][11] similar to bay but without the glide
i ι[9] ίδιος like neat
πίνω[9] like need
ɔː ω ἐγώ[10] talk (Irish or South African English)
o ω similar to note (American English)
ο[10] οδός
ου μου similar to mood
u ου pool
y φύσις[9] similar to few, French tu
ψυχή[9] similar to fume, French juge
Diphthongs[4]
IPAAGMGExampleEnglish approximation
ai̯ αι αἴτιος, πάλαι, ψῡχαί[10] tie
αϊ[12] γαϊδούρι
au̯ αυ αὐτός[6] how
αου Νικολάου
ei̯ ει εἴη[9] hey
έι[13]
eu̯ ευ εὖ[6] Italian and Spanish neutro
εου Θέουτα
oi̯ οι οἶδα, λόγοι[9] toy
όι[14] κορόιδο
yi̯ υι υἱός[9] No English equivalent
aːi̯ δω, χώρ[15] No English equivalent
ɛːi̯ ς, ψυχ[9][15] No English equivalent
ɔːi̯ δή, λόγ[15] No English equivalent
Suprasegmentals
IPA[16]AGMGExampleExplanation
◌́ ´ γάλα ála] high tone
◌̌ ´ ἐγώ [eɡɔ̌ː] rising tone
` μν [men] mid tone
◌̂ γ ɛ̂ː] falling tone
ˈ ΄ άλλος [ˈa.los] stress
. syllable break
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