Help:IPA/Romanian

Wikipedia key to pronunciation of Romanian / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Romanian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see Template:IPA and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Romanian phonology and Romanian alphabet for a more thorough look at the sounds of Romanian.

Table info: Consonants, IPA, Examples in Romanian, Englis...
Consonants
IPAExamples in RomanianEnglish approximation
b banabout
d doptoday
[1] gergender
f focface
ɡ gol, unghieagain
h hornhat
k cal, chip, kilogram, quasarskip
l lunălove
m micmoon
n norname
ŋ[2] lunglong
p passpan
r rac, mare curd (Scottish English)
s saresun
ʃ șarpeshape
t tarestop
ts[1] țarăcats
[1] cerchoose
v val, wattvoice
z zidzone
ʒ jarmeasure
Non-native consonants
ɲ Salignyroughly like canyon
Vowels
IPAExamples in RomanianEnglish approximation
a aroughly like father
e erouroughly like bet
ə românăabout
i inel, miebeet
ɨ înspre, cârnatroses (for some English dialects)
o orașlaw (British English)
uuda, dualfool
Non-native vowels
ɑ̃ Henrirendez-vous, roughly like on
ɛ̃ chemin de fercoq au vin, roughly like man
ø bleu, loess, chemin de ferroughly like sir
y ecru, fürerroughly like few
 
Semivowels[3]
IPAExamples in RomanianEnglish approximation
j iarnă, creioane, rai, yoga you or boy
w băcăuan, dulău, Twitter wine or cow
Diphthongs[3]
e̯a bea, Andreea short [e] followed by full [a]; similar to yard
e̯o vreo short [e] followed by full [o]; similar to yawn
o̯a foarte, oace short [o] followed by full [a]; similar to wagon
 
Other symbols
IPA ExamplesExplanation
ˈ dulău [duˈləw] primary stress (placed before the stressed syllable)
ˌ extraordinar [ˌekstra.ordiˈnar] secondary stress
. mie [ˈmi.e] syllable marker, generally used between vowels in hiatus
ʲ[4] rupi [ˈrupʲ] palatalization (placed after the palatalized consonant)
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