Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was an American industrialist, business magnate, founder of the Ford Motor Company, and chief developer of the assembly line technique of mass production. By creating the first automobile that middle-class Americans could afford, he converted the automobile from an expensive luxury into an accessible conveyance that profoundly impacted the landscape of the 20th century.

Quick facts: Henry Ford, Born, Died, Resting place, Occupa...
Henry Ford
Photo by Fred Hartsook, c.1919
Born(1863-07-30)July 30, 1863
DiedApril 7, 1947(1947-04-07) (aged 83)
Resting placeSt. Martha's Episcopal Church Cemetery, Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
OccupationEngineer, industrialist, philanthropist
Years active1891–1945
Known forFounding and leading the Ford Motor Company
Pioneering a system that launched the mass production and sale of affordable automotives to the public
TitlePresident of Ford Motor Company
(1906–1919, 1943–1945)
Political party
(m. 1888)
ChildrenEdsel Ford

His introduction of the Ford Model T automobile revolutionized transportation and American industry. As the Ford Motor Company owner, he became one of the richest and best-known people in the world. He is credited with "Fordism", the mass production of inexpensive goods coupled with high wages for workers. Ford had a global vision, with consumerism as the key to peace. His intense commitment to systematically lowering costs resulted in many technical and business innovations, including a franchise system that put dealerships throughout North America and major cities on six continents. Ford left most of his vast wealth to the Ford Foundation and arranged for his family to permanently control it.

Ford was also known for promoting antisemitic content, including The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, through his newspaper The Dearborn Independent, and his book, The International Jew. In July, 1938, four months after the German annexation of Austria, Ford accepted the highest medal that Nazi Germany bestowed on a foreigner, the Grand Cross of the Order of the German Eagle.[1][2]

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