cover image


British Crown Dependency in the English Channel / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about Jersey?

Summarize this article for a 10 years old


Jersey (/ˈɜːrzi/ JUR-zee; Jèrriais: Jèrri [ʒɛri]), also known as the Bailiwick of Jersey,[lower-alpha 4][12][13][14] is an island country and self-governing British Crown Dependency near the coast of north-west France.[15][16][17] It is the largest of the Channel Islands and is 14 miles (23 km) from the Cotentin Peninsula in Normandy.[18] The Bailiwick consists of the main island of Jersey and some surrounding uninhabited islands and rocks including Les Dirouilles, Les Écréhous, Les Minquiers, and Les Pierres de Lecq.[19]

Quick facts: .nobold{font-weight n...
Jèrri (Jèrriais)
Bailiwick of Jersey
Dieu et Mon Droit (French)
"God and My Right"
Anthem: "God Save the King"
Island anthem: "Island Home"[1]
Location of Jersey (green)in Europe (dark grey)
Location of Jersey (green)

in Europe (dark grey)

Sovereign state responsible for Jersey[2][3]United Kingdom
Separation from the Duchy of Normandy1204
and largest parish[lower-alpha 1]
St Helier[lower-alpha 2]
49°11.4′N 2°6.6′W
Official languagesEnglish, Norman (Jèrriais) and French[lower-alpha 3]
Ethnic groups
44.4% Jersey
30.5% British
9.4% Portuguese
3.0% Polish
2.1% Irish
1.4% Romanian
5% Other European
1.9% Asian
0.9% African
1.3% multiracial[4]
39% No religion
23% Anglican
22.5% Catholic
6.8% Other Christian
3% Other religion
Demonym(s)Islanders, Jerseyman, Jerseywoman, Jersey bean, Jersey crapaud, Jèrriais(e)
GovernmentParliamentary constitutional monarchy
Charles III
Jerry Kyd
Sir Tim Le Cocq
Kristina Moore
LegislatureStates Assembly
119.6[6] km2 (46.2 sq mi) (unranked)
 Water (%)
Highest elevation
469 ft (143 m)
 2021 estimate
103,267[7] (182nd)
859/km2 (2,224.8/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
billion (£4.57 billion)[8] (not ranked)
 Per capita
(£45,783) (not ranked)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
£4.885 billion (US billion)[9]
 Per capita
Gini (2014)Steady 0.3[10]
HDI (2011)Steady 0.985[11]
very high · not ranked
CurrencyPound sterling
Jersey pound (£) (GBP)
Time zoneUTC±00:00 (GMT)
  Summer (DST)
UTC+01:00 (BST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Mains electricity230 V–50 Hz
Driving sideleft
Calling code+44
UK postcode
ISO 3166 codeJE

Jersey was part of the Duchy of Normandy, whose dukes became kings of England from 1066. After Normandy was lost by the kings of England in the 13th century, and the ducal title surrendered to France, Jersey remained loyal to the English Crown, though it never became part of the Kingdom of England. Between then and the end of the Napoleonic Wars, Jersey was at the frontline of Anglo-French wars and was invaded a number of times, leading to the construction of fortifications such as Mont Orgueil Castle and a thriving smuggling industry. During the Second World War, the island was invaded and occupied for five years by Nazi Germany. The island was liberated on 9 May 1945, which is now celebrated as the island's national day.[20]

Jersey is a self-governing parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy, with its own financial, legal and judicial systems,[7] and the power of self-determination.[21] Jersey's constitutional relationship is with the Crown; it is not part of the United Kingdom.[22][23][24] The Bailiff is the civil head, president of the States and head of the juridicary; the Lieutenant Governor represents the head of state, the British monarch; and, the Chief Minister is the head of government. Jersey's defence and international representation – as well as certain policy areas, such as nationality law – are the responsibility of the UK Government, but Jersey still has a separate international identity.[25]

The island has a large financial services industry, which generates 40% of its GVA.[6] British cultural influence on the island is evident in its use of English as the main language and Pound sterling as its primary currency. Additional British cultural similarities include: driving on the left, access to British television and newspapers, a school curriculum following that of England,[26] and the popularity of British sports, including cricket.[27] The island also has a strong Norman-French culture, such as its historic dialect of the Norman language, Jèrriais, being one of only two places in Normandy with government status for the language (the other being Guernsey), as well as the use of standard French in legal matters and officially in use as a government language, strong cultural ties to mainland Normandy as a part of the Normandy region, and place names with French or Norman origins. The island has very close cultural links with its neighbouring islands in the Bailiwick of Guernsey, and they share a good-natured rivalry. Jersey and its people have been described as a nation.[28][29][30]