Johan Cruyff

Dutch footballer and manager (1947–2016) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Hendrik Johannes Cruijff (25 April 1947 – 24 March 2016), commonly known as Johan Cruyff (Dutch: [ˈjoːɦɑŋ ˈkrœyf] ), was a Dutch professional football player and manager. Regarded as one of the greatest players in history and as the greatest Dutch footballer ever, he won the Ballon d'Or three times, in 1971, 1973, and 1974.[4] Cruyff was a proponent of the football philosophy known as Total Football developed by Rinus Michels, which Cruyff also employed as a manager. Because of the far reaching impact of his playing style and his coaching ideas, he is widely regarded as one of the most influential figures in modern football. For his achievements as a manager, he is also viewed as one of the greatest managers of all time.[5][6][7][8][9]

Quick facts: Personal information, Full name, Date of birt...
Johan Cruyff
Cruyff with the Netherlands in 1974
Personal information
Full name Hendrik Johannes Cruijff
Date of birth (1947-04-25)25 April 1947[1]
Place of birth Amsterdam, Netherlands
Date of death 24 March 2016(2016-03-24) (aged 68)
Place of death Barcelona, Spain
Height 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)[2][3]
Position(s) Forward, attacking midfielder
Youth career
1957–1964 Ajax
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1964–1973 Ajax 245 (193)
1973–1978 Barcelona 143 (48)
1979 Los Angeles Aztecs 22 (14)
1980 Washington Diplomats 24 (10)
1981 Levante 10 (2)
1981 Washington Diplomats 5 (2)
1981–1983 Ajax 36 (14)
1983–1984 Feyenoord 33 (11)
Total 518 (294)
International career
1966–1977 Netherlands 48 (33)
Managerial career
1985–1988 Ajax
1988–1996 Barcelona
2009–2013 Catalonia
Medal record
Men's football
Representing Flag_of_the_Netherlands.svg Netherlands
FIFA World Cup
Runner-up1974 West Germany
European Championship
Third place1976 Yugoslavia
*Club domestic league appearances and goals

In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Dutch football rose from a semi-professional and obscure level to become a powerhouse in the sport.[10][11] Cruyff led the Netherlands to the final of the 1974 FIFA World Cup with three goals and three assists; he received the Golden Ball as player of the tournament.[12][13]

After finishing third in UEFA Euro 1976, Cruyff refused to play in the 1978 FIFA World Cup after a kidnapping attempt targeting him and his family in their Barcelona home dissuaded him from football.[14] At club level, Cruyff started his career at Ajax, where he won eight Eredivisie titles, three European Cups, and one Intercontinental Cup, where he had a goal and two assists.[15][16] In 329 matches for Ajax, he scored 257 goals and provided more than 170 assists.

In 1973, he moved to Barcelona for a world record transfer fee, helping the team win La Liga in his first season and winning the Ballon d'Or. In 180 official matches for Barcelona, he scored 60 goals and provided 83 assists.[17] After retiring from playing in 1984, Cruyff became highly successful as manager of Ajax and later Barcelona; he remained an advisor to both clubs after his coaching tenures. His son Jordi also played football professionally for Barcelona.

In 1999, Cruyff was voted European Player of the Century in an election held by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics, and came second behind Pelé in their World Player of the Century poll.[18] He came third in a vote organised by the French magazine France Football consulting their former Ballon d'Or winners to elect their Football Player of the Century.[19] He was included in the World Team of the 20th Century in 1998, the FIFA World Cup Dream Team in 2002, and in 2004 was named in the FIFA 100 list of the world's greatest living players.[20]

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