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July Monarchy

Kingdom governing France, 1830–1848 / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The July Monarchy (French: Monarchie de Juillet), officially the Kingdom of France (French: Royaume de France), was a liberal constitutional monarchy in France under Louis Philippe I, starting on 26 July 1830, with the July Revolution of 1830, and ending 23 February 1848, with the Revolution of 1848. It marks the end of the Bourbon Restoration (1814–1830). It began with the overthrow of the conservative government of Charles X, the last king of the main line House of Bourbon.

Quick facts: Kingdom of France[lower-alpha 1]Royaume de Fr...
Kingdom of France[lower-alpha 1]
Royaume de France (French)
Motto: Ordre et liberté
("Order and Liberty")[1]
Anthem: La Parisienne
("The Parisian")

The Kingdom of France in 1839
The Kingdom of France in 1839
Roman Catholicism (State religion)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Louis Philippe I
Louis Philippe II
President of the Council of Ministers 
 1830 (first)
Jacques Laffitte
 1848 (last)
François Guizot
Chamber of Peers
Chamber of Deputies
26 July 1830
7 August 1830
23 February 1848
CurrencyFrench franc
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Flag_of_France_%281814%E2%80%931830%29.svg Kingdom of France
French Second Republic Flag_of_France.svg
Today part ofFrance

Louis Philippe, a member of the more liberal Orléans branch of the House of Bourbon, proclaimed himself as Roi des Français ("King of the French") rather than "King of France", emphasizing the popular origins of his reign. The king promised to follow the juste milieu, or the middle-of-the-road, avoiding the extremes of both the conservative supporters of Charles X and radicals on the left.

The July Monarchy was dominated by wealthy bourgeoisie and numerous former Napoleonic officials. It followed conservative policies, especially under the influence (1840–48) of François Guizot. The king promoted friendship with the United Kingdom and sponsored colonial expansion, notably the French conquest of Algeria. By 1848, a year in which many European states had a revolution, the king's popularity had collapsed, and he abdicated.