Kangxi Emperor

3rd Emperor of the Qing dynasty (r. 1661–1722) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Kangxi Emperor (4 May 1654 – 20 December 1722), also known by his temple name Emperor Shengzu of Qing, born Xuanye, was the third emperor of the Qing dynasty, and the second Qing emperor to rule over China proper, reigning from 1661 to 1722.

Quick facts: Kangxi Emperor 康熙帝, Emperor of the Qing dynas...
Kangxi Emperor
康熙帝
Emperor of the Qing dynasty
Reign5 February 1661 – 20 December 1722
PredecessorShunzhi Emperor
SuccessorYongzheng Emperor
RegentsSonin (1661–1667)
Ebilun (1661–1667)
Suksaha (1661–1667)
Oboi (1661–1669)
BornAisin-Gioro Xuanye
(愛新覺羅·玄燁)
(1654-05-04)4 May 1654
(順治十一年 三月 十八日)
Jingren Palace, Forbidden City
Died20 December 1722(1722-12-20) (aged 68)
(康熙六十一年 十一月 十三日)
Qingxi Shuwu, Garden of Eternal Spring
Burial
Jing Mausoleum, Eastern Qing tombs
Wife
(m. 1665; died 1674)

(m. 1665; died 1678)

(died 1689)

(before 1722)

IssueYunzhi
Yunreng, Prince Limi of the First Rank
Yunzhi, Prince Chengyin of the Second Rank
Yongzheng Emperor
Yunqi, Prince Hengwen of the First Rank
Yunyou, Prince Chundu of the First Rank
Yunsi
Yuntang
Yun'e
Yuntao, Prince Lüyi of the First Rank
Yinxiang, Prince Yixian of the First Rank
Yunti, Prince Xunqin of the Second Rank
Yunxu, Prince Yuke of the Second Rank
Yunlu, Prince Zhuangke of the First Rank
Yunli, Prince Guoyi of the First Rank
Yunyi
Yunxi, Prince Shenjing of the Second Rank
Yunhu
Yunqi
Yunbi, Prince Xianke of the First Rank
Princess Rongxian of the First Rank
Princess Duanjing of the Second Rank
Princess Kejing of the First Rank
Princess Wenxian of the First Rank
Princess Chunque of the First Rank
Princess Wenke of the Second Rank
Princess Quejing of the Second Rank
Princess Dunke of the Second Rank
Names
Aisin-Gioro Xuanye
(愛新覺羅 玄燁)
Manchu: Hiowan yei (ᡥᡳᠣᠸᠠᠨ ᠶᡝᡳ)
Era dates
Kangxi
(康熙; 18 February 1662 – 4 February 1723)
Manchu: Elhe taifin (ᡝᠯᡥᡝ ᡨᠠᡳᡶᡳᠨ)
Mongolian: Энх амгалан (ᠡᠩᠬᠡ ᠠᠮᠤᠭᠤᠯᠠᠩ)
Posthumous name
Emperor Hetian Hongyun Wenwu Ruizhe Gongjian Kuanyu Xiaojing Chengxin Zhonghe Gongde Dacheng Ren
(合天弘運文武睿哲恭儉寬裕孝敬誠信中和功德大成仁皇帝)
Manchu: Gosin hūwangdi (ᡤᠣᠰᡳᠨ
ᡥᡡᠸᠠᠩᡩᡳ
)
Temple name
Shengzu
(聖祖)
Manchu: Šengdzu (ᡧᡝᠩᡯᡠ)
HouseAisin Gioro
DynastyQing
FatherShunzhi Emperor
MotherEmpress Xiaokangzhang
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Quick facts: Kangxi Emperor, Chinese name, Chinese, Litera...
Kangxi Emperor
Chinese name
Chinese康熙
Literal meaningEmperor of the Era of Health and Glory
Mongolian name
Mongolian Cyrillicᠡᠩᠭᠡ ᠠᠮᠤᠭᠤᠯᠠᠩ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ
Энх амгалан хаан
Manchu name
Manchu scriptᡝᠯᡥᡝ
ᡨᠠᡳᡶᡳᠨ
ᡥᡡᠸᠠᠩᡩᡳ
MöllendorffElhe Taifin Hūwangdi
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The Kangxi Emperor's reign of 61 years makes him the longest-reigning emperor in Chinese history (although his grandson, the Qianlong Emperor, had the longest period of de facto power, ascending as an adult and maintaining effective power until his death) and one of the longest-reigning rulers in history.[1] However, since he ascended the throne at the age of seven, actual power was held for six years by four regents and his grandmother, the Grand Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang.[2]

The Kangxi Emperor is considered one of China's greatest emperors.[3] He suppressed the Revolt of the Three Feudatories, forced the Kingdom of Tungning in Taiwan and assorted Mongol rebels in the North and Northwest to submit to Qing rule, and blocked Tsarist Russia on the Amur River, retaining Outer Manchuria.

The Kangxi Emperor's reign brought about long-term stability and relative wealth after years of war and chaos. He initiated the period known as the "Prosperous Era of Kangxi and Qianlong" or "High Qing",[4] which lasted for several generations after his death. His court also accomplished such literary feats as the compilation of the Kangxi Dictionary and Quan Tangshi poetry anthology.