cover image


Historical region and former principality in Central and Eastern Europe / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about Moldavia?

Summarize this article for a 10 years old


Moldavia (Romanian: Moldova, pronounced [molˈdova] (Loudspeaker.svglisten) or Țara Moldovei, literally "The Country of Moldavia"; in Romanian Cyrillic: Молдова or Цара Мѡлдовєй; Church Slavonic: Землѧ Молдавскаѧ; Greek: Ἡγεμονία τῆς Μολδαβίας) is a historical region and former principality in Central and Eastern Europe,[8][9][10] corresponding to the territory between the Eastern Carpathians and the Dniester River. An initially independent and later autonomous state, it existed from the 14th century to 1859, when it united with Wallachia (Țara Românească) as the basis of the modern Romanian state; at various times, Moldavia included the regions of Bessarabia (with the Budjak), all of Bukovina and Hertsa. The region of Pokuttya was also part of it for a period of time.

Quick facts: Principality of MoldaviaȚara Moldovei (R...
Principality of Moldavia
Țara Moldovei (Romanian)
Землѧ Молдавскаѧ (Church Slavonic)
Ἡγεμονία τῆς Μολδαβίας (Greek)
Flaga (14th–15th cent.)
Coat of armsb
(14th–15th cent.)
Location of the Principality of Moldavia, 1789
Moldavia under Stephen the Great, 1483
CapitalBaia/Siret (1343–1388)
Suceava (1388–1564)
Iași (1564–1859)
Common languages
Eastern Orthodox
GovernmentPrincipality: elective absolute monarchy with hereditary lines
Princes of Moldavia (Voivodes, Hospodars) 
 1346–1353 (first)
 1859–1862 (last)
Alexandru Ioan Cuza
 Foundation of the Moldavian mark
5 February [O.S. 24 January] 1859
CurrencyMoldavian gros [ro]
ISO 3166 codeMD
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Flag_of_Hungary_%281301-1382%29.svg Kingdom of Hungary
Golden_Horde_flag_1339.svg Golden Horde
United Principalities Flag_of_the_United_Principalities_of_Wallachia_and_Moldavia_%281859_-_1862%29.svg
Bukovina District Flag_of_the_Habsburg_Monarchy.svg
Bessarabia Governorate Flag_of_Russia.svg
Today part of
  • ^ a. Modern reconstruction of a Moldavian princely standard (attested versions of the number and general aspects of symbols other than the aurochs vary considerably).
  • ^ b. Modern reconstruction of a Moldavian coat of arms based on the seals of Stephen the Great, Roman I and others (attested versions of the field tincture and number and general aspects of symbols other than the aurochs vary considerably).

The western half of Moldavia is now part of Romania, the eastern side belongs to the Republic of Moldova, and the northern and southeastern parts are territories of Ukraine.