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American pay television channel / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Nickelodeon (often shortened to Nick) is an American pay television channel which launched on April 1, 1979, as the first cable channel for children.[1] It is owned by Paramount Global through Nickelodeon Group. The channel is primarily aimed at children and adolescents aged 2 to 17,[2] along with a broader family audience through its program blocks.

Quick facts: Country, Broadcast area, Headquarters, Progra...
Logo used since March 4, 2023[lower-alpha 1]
CountryUnited States
Broadcast areaNationwide
HeadquartersOne Astor Plaza
New York City, New York, U.S.
  • English
  • Spanish (via SAP audio track)
Picture format
OwnerParamount Media Networks
(Paramount Global)
ParentNickelodeon Group
Sister channels
LaunchedApril 1, 1979; 44 years ago (1979-04-01)
Former namesC-3 (1977–1979)

The channel began life as a test broadcast on December 1, 1977,[3] as part of QUBE,[4] an early cable television system broadcast locally in Columbus, Ohio.[5] The channel, now named Nickelodeon, launched to a new nationwide audience on April 1, 1979,[6] with Pinwheel as its inaugural program.[5] The network was initially commercial-free and remained without advertising until 1984. Nickelodeon gained a new facelift regarding programming and image that fall, and its ensuing success led to it and its sister networks MTV and VH1 being sold to Viacom in 1985.[7][8]

Throughout history, Nickelodeon has introduced several sister channels and programming blocks. Nick Jr. is a preschool morning block launched on January 4, 1988. Nicktoons, based on the flagship brand, launched as a separate sister channel in 2002. In 1999, Nickelodeon partnered with Sesame Workshop to create Noggin, an educational brand consisting of a cable channel and an interactive website. Two blocks aimed at a teenage audience, TEENick (previously on Nickelodeon) and The N (previously on Noggin), were merged into a standalone channel, TeenNick, in 2009.

As of September 2018, the channel is available to about 87.167 million households in the United States.[9]

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