Nikos Kazantzakis (Greek: Νίκος Καζαντζάκης [ˈnikos kazanˈd͡zacis]; 2 March (OS 18 February) 1883[2]  26 October 1957) was a Greek writer. Widely considered a giant of modern Greek literature, he was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in nine different years.[3]

Quick facts: Nikos Kazantzakis, Born, Died, Occupation, Na...
Nikos Kazantzakis
Born(1883-03-02)2 March 1883
Kandiye, Crete, Ottoman Empire
(now Heraklion, Greece)
Died26 October 1957(1957-10-26) (aged 74)
Freiburg im Breisgau, West Germany
(now Germany)
OccupationPoet, novelist, essayist, travel writer, philosopher, playwright, journalist, translator
NationalityGreek
EducationUniversity of Athens
(1902–1906; J.D., 1906)[1]
University of Paris
(1907–1909; DrE, 1909)[1]
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Kazantzakis's novels included Zorba the Greek (published in 1946 as Life and Times of Alexis Zorbas), Christ Recrucified (1948), Captain Michalis (1950, translated Freedom or Death), and The Last Temptation of Christ (1955). He also wrote plays, travel books, memoirs, and philosophical essays, such as The Saviors of God: Spiritual Exercises. His fame spread in the English-speaking world due to cinematic adaptations of Zorba the Greek (1964) and The Last Temptation of Christ (1988).

He translated also a number of notable works into Modern Greek, such as the Divine Comedy, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, On the Origin of Species, and Homer's Iliad and Odyssey.[4]

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