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Oak Ridge National Laboratory

United States DOE national laboratory in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, United States / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is a U.S. multiprogram science and technology national laboratory sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and administered, managed, and operated by UT–Battelle as a federally funded research and development center (FFRDC) under a contract with the DOE, located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

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Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Aerial view of ORNL's main campus in 2014
Motto"Solving Big Problems"[1]
Established1943; 79 years ago (1943)
Research typeMultidisciplinary
BudgetUS$2.4 billion
Field of research
DirectorThomas Zacharia
LocationOak Ridge, Tennessee, United States
35.93°N 84.31°W / 35.93; -84.31
CampusORNL occupies about 10,000 acres (40 km2) of the approximately 35,000 acres (140 km2) Oak Ridge Reservation
AffiliationsUnited States Department of Energy (DOE)
Operating agency
Location in Tennessee

Established in 1943, ORNL is the largest science and energy national laboratory in the Department of Energy system (by size)[3] and third largest by annual budget.[4] It is located in the Roane County section of Oak Ridge, Tennessee.[5][6] Its scientific programs focus on materials, nuclear science, neutron science, energy, high-performance computing, systems biology and national security, sometimes in partnership with the state of Tennessee, universities and other industries.

ORNL has several of the world's top supercomputers, including Frontier, ranked by the TOP500 as the world's most powerful. The lab is a leading neutron and nuclear power research facility that includes the Spallation Neutron Source, the High Flux Isotope Reactor, and the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences.