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Ohio

U.S. state / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Ohio (/ˈh/ ) is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States. Ohio borders Lake Erie to the north, Pennsylvania to the east, West Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, Indiana to the west, and Michigan to the northwest. Of the 50 U.S. states, it is the 34th-largest by area. With a population of nearly 11.8 million, Ohio is the seventh-most populous and tenth-most densely populated state. Its capital and largest city is Columbus, with other large population centers including Cleveland, Cincinnati, Dayton, Akron, and Toledo. Ohio is nicknamed the "Buckeye State" after its Ohio buckeye trees, and Ohioans are also known as "Buckeyes".[10] Its flag is the only non-rectangular flag of all U.S. states.

Quick facts: Ohio, Country, Admitted to the Union, Capital...
Ohio
State of Ohio
Nickname(s): 
The Buckeye State;
Birthplace of Aviation; The Heart of It All
Motto: 
Anthem: "Beautiful Ohio"[2]
Map of the United States with Ohio highlighted
Map of the United States with Ohio highlighted
CountryUnited States
Admitted to the UnionMarch 1, 1803; 220 years ago (1803-03-01)[3] (17th,
declared retroactively on
August 7, 1953; 70 years ago (1953-08-07)[4])
Capital
(and largest city)
Columbus[5][6]
Largest metro and urban areasGreater Cleveland (combined and urban)
Cincinnati (metro)
Columbus (metro)
(see footnotes)[lower-alpha 1]
Government
  GovernorMike DeWine (R)
  Lieutenant GovernorJon Husted (R)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
  Upper houseSenate
  Lower houseHouse of Representatives
JudiciarySupreme Court of Ohio
U.S. senatorsSherrod Brown (D)
J. D. Vance (R)
U.S. House delegation9 Republicans
5 Democrats
1 vacant (list)
Area
  Total44,825 sq mi (116,096 km2)
  Land40,948 sq mi (106,156 km2)
  Water3,877 sq mi (10,040 km2)  8.7%
  Rank34th
Dimensions
  Length220 mi (355 km)
  Width220 mi (355 km)
Elevation
850 ft (260 m)
Highest elevation1,549 ft (472 m)
Lowest elevation455 ft (139 m)
Population
 (2021)
  Total11,780,017[8]
  Rank7th
  Density282/sq mi (109/km2)
   Rank10th
  Median household income
$54,021[9]
  Income rank
36th
Demonym(s)Ohioan; Buckeye[10] (colloq.)
Language
  Official languageDe jure: None
De facto: English
  Spoken languageEnglish 93.3%
Spanish 2.2%
Other 4.5%[11]
Time zoneUTC– 05:00 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST)UTC– 04:00 (EDT)
USPS abbreviation
ISO 3166 codeUS-OH
Traditional abbreviationO., Oh.
Latitude38°24′ N to 41°59′ N
Longitude80°31′ W to 84°49′ W
Websiteohio.gov
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Quick facts: List of state symbols, Slogan, Living insigni...
State symbols of Ohio
List of state symbols
Flag_of_Ohio.svg
Seal_of_Ohio_%28Official%29.svg
SloganThe Heart Of It All
Living insignia
AmphibianSpotted salamander
BirdCardinal (1933)[2]
Flower
FruitPawpaw
InsectLadybug (1975)[2]
MammalWhite-tailed deer (1987)[2]
ReptileBlack racer snake (1995)[2]
TreeBuckeye (1953)[2]
Inanimate insignia
BeverageTomato juice (1965)[2]
FossilIsotelus maximus, a trilobite (1985)[2]
GemstoneOhio flint (1965)[2]
State route marker
Route marker
State quarter
Ohio quarter dollar coin
Released in 2002
Lists of United States state symbols
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Ohio derives its name from the Ohio River that forms its southern border, which, in turn, originated from the Seneca word ohiːyo', meaning "good river", "great river", or "large creek".[13][14] The state was home to several ancient indigenous civilizations, with humans present as early as 10,000 BCE. It arose from the lands west of the Appalachian Mountains that were contested by various native tribes and European colonists from the 17th century through the Northwest Indian Wars of the late 18th century. Ohio was partitioned from the Northwest Territory, the first frontier of the new United States, becoming the 17th state admitted to the Union on March 1, 1803, and the first under the Northwest Ordinance.[3][15] It was the first post-colonial free state admitted to the union and became one of the earliest and most influential industrial powerhouses during the 20th century. Although it has transitioned to a more information- and service-based economy in the 21st century, it remains an industrial state, ranking seventh in GDP as of 2019,[16] with the third-largest manufacturing sector and second-largest automobile production.[17]

Modeled on its federal counterpart, Ohio's government is composed of the executive branch, led by the governor; the legislative branch, consisting of the bicameral Ohio General Assembly; and the judicial branch, led by the state Supreme Court. Ohio occupies 15 seats in the United States House of Representatives, the seventh-largest delegation.[18] Its politics has been described as moderate;[19] the state is known for its status as both a swing state and a bellwether in national elections.[20] Seven presidents of the United States have come from Ohio, earning it the moniker "the Mother of Presidents".[21]

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