# Orbital eccentricity

## Amount by which an orbit deviates from a perfect circle / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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This article is about eccentricity in astrodynamics. For other uses, see Eccentricity (disambiguation).

In astrodynamics, the **orbital eccentricity** of an astronomical object is a dimensionless parameter that determines the amount by which its orbit around another body deviates from a perfect circle. A value of 0 is a circular orbit, values between 0 and 1 form an elliptic orbit, 1 is a parabolic escape orbit (or capture orbit), and greater than 1 is a hyperbola. The term derives its name from the parameters of conic sections, as every Kepler orbit is a conic section. It is normally used for the isolated two-body problem, but extensions exist for objects following a rosette orbit through the Galaxy.