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Orthodox Church of Ukraine

Partially-recognized Eastern Orthodox church in Ukraine / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Orthodox Church of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Православна церква України, romanized: Pravoslavna tserkva Ukrainy;[14][15] OCU), also called Ukrainian Orthodox Church,[16] is an Eastern Orthodox church in Ukraine. It is one of 16 autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches, 15th listed in diptych.[17][18]

Quick facts: Orthodox Church of Ukraine, Abbreviation, Cla...
Orthodox Church of Ukraine
Православна церква України
Emblem_of_the_Orthodox_Church_of_Ukraine.svg
Emblem of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine, depicting a cross with Orans of Kyiv
AbbreviationOCU
ClassificationEastern Orthodox Church
ScriptureSeptuagint, New Testament
TheologyEastern Orthodox theology
PolityEpiscopal
PrimateEpiphanius I, Metropolitan of Kyiv and All Ukraine
Bishops62 (as of December 2019[1])
Clergy4,500 in total (as of December 2019[1])
Parishes6,185 (2022)[2]
Monasteries/convents71 (both male and female)[2]
LanguageUkrainian
Church Slavonic[3]
Romanian[4]
Greek[5]
LiturgyByzantine Rite
HeadquartersUkraine St. Michael's Golden-Domed Monastery, Kyiv[lower-alpha 1][7][8]
TerritoryUkraine Ukraine
Origin988, establishment of the Metropolis of Kiev and all Rus'

1921, proclamation of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church

1990, formation of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate)

1992, unilateral declaration of autocephaly and formation of Ukrainian Orthodox Church – Kyiv Patriarchate

2018, the Unification Council
Independence5 January 2019 (recognized and autocephaly granted)[9][10][11]
RecognitionAutocephaly recognized by:
Ecumenical Patriarchate (5 January 2019)
Patriarchate of Alexandria (8 November 2019)
Church of Greece (19 October 2019)
Church of Cyprus (24 October 2020)
Merger ofUAOC
UOC-KP
UOC-MP (partly)
SeparationsParts of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church – Kyiv Patriarchate on 20 June 2019 (see Conflict between Filaret and Epiphanius)
Members78% of the Ukrainian Orthodox population
(March 2022, study by Info Sapiens; 52% of the entire population of Ukraine)[12]
Other name(s)Ukrainian Orthodox Church
Most Holy Church of Ukraine
Official websitewww.pomisna.info[13]
  1. The headquarters are in the Saint Sophia's Cathedral of Kyiv. St. Michael's Golden-Domed Monastery is used as the headquarters of the Metropolitan of Kyiv and all Ukraine[6]
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80-391-9007_Kyiv_St.Michael%27s_Golden-Domed_Monastery_RB_18_%28cropped%29.jpg
St. Michael's Golden-Domed Monastery in Kyiv, the headquarters of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine.

The Eastern Orthodox Church partially recognizes the Orthodox Church of Ukraine as the only canonical successor of the Metropolitanate of Kyiv,[19][20][21] while the Catholic Church recognizes the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church as the only canonical successor.

The church was established under the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople by a unification council that convened in Kyiv on 15 December 2018. The Ecumenical PatriarchBartholomew I — granted a tomos of autocephaly (decree of ecclesial independence) to the Church on 5 January 2019. The unification council united two Ukrainian Orthodox major jurisdictions: the Ukrainian Orthodox Church – Kyiv Patriarchate (UOC-KP) and the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church (UAOC). Two bishops formerly of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) also joined. The unification council elected the Metropolitan of Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi and Bila TserkvaEpiphanius Dumenko — as its primate and as Metropolitan of Kyiv and All Ukraine.

It was also agreed by the council that those "Orthodox Christians of Ukrainian provenance in the Orthodox diaspora" should be subject to the jurisdiction of the diocesan bishops of the Ecumenical Patriarchate (per (Article 4 of the Statute).[22][23] This provision is also enshrined in the OCU's tomos of autocephaly.[24][25][26] In March 2019, Metropolitan Epiphanius said that the transfer of parishes of the dissolved Kyiv Patriarchate to the jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate had already begun.[27] The establishment of the OCU and its recognition by other autocephalic Orthodox Churches has been opposed by the Russian Orthodox Church as well as by the Government of Russia.[28]

According to different sources, the Orthodox Church of Ukraine or the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) is the largest church in Ukraine, both of which have claimed full independence and autonomy.[29][30]

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